The Global Pattern and Economic Development

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  • Created by: Becca96
  • Created on: 12-09-14 12:25
What percentage of the world's population lives in cities?
50%
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Define 'millionaire city' and give an example of one.
A city with a population of over 1 million. Example: Budapest, Hungary
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Define 'megacity' and give an example of one.
A city with a population of over 10 million. Population density usually exceeds 2000 persons/km squared. Example: Mumbai, India
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Define 'world city' and give three examples.
A city that serves and influences the whole world. A centre for trade, finance, science, politics, media, culture, education, publishing, etc. Examples: London, New York and Tokyo
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Define 'urbanisation'.
The increase in the proportion of a country's population living in urban areas as opposed to rural areas.
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Where are millionaire, mega and world cities usually found?
Northern hemisphere, on major rivers or on the coast.
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How many megacities are there and what proportion of megacities are located in developing countries?
20. Two thirds located in developing countries.
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What are the three 'centres' world cities can be described as?
Centres of resources, learning and spacial proximity.
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What are the three main characteristics of world cities?
1) They have shed a lot of low-value activities (such as manufacturing and distribution) to other cities/countries. 2) They are hubs of economic synergy. 3) They provide a range of job opportunities, but the job market tends to be polarised.
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What were the functions of cities pre-Industrial Revolution? (3)
Where agricultural production was organised, where surplus produce was sold and from which surrounding rural areas were administered.
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Why did city growth accelerate in North America and western Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries? (5)
1) Agri revolution- rural job loss but surplus food for ^ urban popns. 2) Industrial rev. - factory work attracted ex-agri workers. 3) Coal main source of power, industry centred @ mines. 4)Improved transport 5)Public health made close living safer
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What are the problems faced as a result of urbanisation? (3)
Loss of agricultural jobs leads to rural poor. Rural-urban migration outstripped demand for labour - swollen workforce, lower wages. Overcrowding - slum housing development
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define 'millionaire city' and give an example of one.

Back

A city with a population of over 1 million. Example: Budapest, Hungary

Card 3

Front

Define 'megacity' and give an example of one.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define 'world city' and give three examples.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Define 'urbanisation'.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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