The Argument from Religious Experience

HideShow resource information
Religious Experience
A non empirical event, which may be descibed as super natural
1 of 47
External to the mind
2 of 47
Within the mind
3 of 47
Religious visions occur when an individual sees/hears something supernatural - ie an imaginary image that strengthens their faith
4 of 47
The feeling of a powerful presence during a religious experience
5 of 47
A vision can result in a life changing result - ie converting to religious faith
6 of 47
A direct & intimate experience with God, as a part of a different reality
7 of 47
Something out of the natural world
8 of 47
5 Principles of a Religious Experience || 2 Public || 3 Private
9 of 47
1 - public - numinous
Seeing a non religious event - ie a sunset and feeling a sense of overwhelming power
10 of 47
2 - public - breeching natural law
unusual event which breeches natural law - ie walking on water
11 of 47
3 - private - strange yet describable
A describable event - ie vision of virgin mary
12 of 47
4 - private - mystic
indescribable event - ie mystical
13 of 47
5 - private - completly undescribable
non specific feeling of God
14 of 47
Julian Of Norwich
**vision** Saw vivid visions of God - vision experience - proves God's existence, first hand evidence - doesn't prove God's existence could have been side affects of medication
15 of 47
Conversion Of St. Paul
**conversion** Travelling to Damascus, was blinded by light "Saul, Saul why do you persecute me?" - Numinous felt overwhelming presence - Conversion, changed to St Paul - Proves God's existence for those with faith
16 of 47
Maria Domenica Lazzeri
Was seriously ill & was bed ridden || mother noticed that she was getting stigmata in the shape of Jesus' crucification each Thurs & Fri || Proves God's existence as he caused it |
17 of 47
Maria Domenica Lazzeri Cont.
Does not prove God's existence could have been a psychological problem || Does prove God's existence, he caused the scars
18 of 47
St. Bernadette
**vision** Saw the Virgin Mary 18, was told to go a river and only found dirt - so she dug and found the LOURDES BUREAU where 67 cures have been found there
19 of 47
St. Bernadette Cont.
Does proves God's existence, he sent her to find the spring || Does not prove God's existence coincidence, may have been an illusion
20 of 47
**mystical**Islamic** An individual seeks for God - whirling dervishes - "little sleep, little talk, little food" They feel united and at one with God
21 of 47
Surfism Cont.
Does not prove God's existence could just be side affects || Proves God's existence, you feel an overwhelming sense of the divine ie God.
22 of 47
Cat Stevens
**mystic** Whilst in Morocco he heard the Islamic call of prayer || Went swimming & was swept away, made a promise if he survived he'd devote himself to God
23 of 47
Cat Stevens Cont.
Doesn't prove God's existence sea is unpredictable || Does prove God's existence, he wanted Stevens to convert
24 of 47
**vision**Whilst meditating in the mountains an angel visited him and recited the words of God. Leading to the creation of the Ka'ran
25 of 47
Muhammad Cont.
Proves God's existence was a holy message || Doesn't prove God's existence was a personal encounter, could have been made up
26 of 47
Toronto Blessing
**mystic**group experience** People started laughing and were unable to control themselves
27 of 47
Toronto Blessing Cont.
Does not proves God's existence could have been toxic exposure || Proves God's existence, was caused by the holy spirit
28 of 47
Types of Mystical Experiences
Soul Mysticism || Nature Mysticism || God Mysticism
29 of 47
Soul Mysticism
Idea of finding the soul
30 of 47
Nature Mysticism
The idea that God can be at one with objects of nature
31 of 47
God Mysticism
Souls of humans are destined to return with their immortal and infinate grouds ie God
32 of 47
William James
Defined different parts of mystic experiences
33 of 47
Temporary experience
34 of 47
Experience can not be described
35 of 47
The individual feels they have learnt something
36 of 47
The experience is uncontrollable
37 of 47
William James on existence in God
James believes that religious expereinces do not offer any logical explanation for the existence of God || Relious expereinces are individual and follow an abductive argument - Most likely answer is God, but not necessarily
38 of 47
Richard Swinburne on existence in God
Religious Experiences can not prove God's existence, but it is most likely that he is the answer || Priniciple of Credulity
39 of 47
Principle of Credulity
R. Swinburne, If God is present for an individual, God probably is
40 of 47
Caroline Frank Davis
Challenged Swinburne's Principle of Credulity || An experience may not be God it could have been caused by: Drugs/Alcohol, the person may not have ability to fully explain: A child
41 of 47
Swinburne in responce to Davis
Principle of Testimony
42 of 47
Principle Of Testimony
We should accept someones experience if: You have heard reports of the experience, and have no reason to doubt the individual || Meaning God exists
43 of 47
A.J Ayer **Objection**
Verification Principle || A proposition has meaning if it can be fully verified || Strong Verifcation - No doubt in the statement, can verify by using own experience || Weak Verifcation-Statement could be verified OR someone else can verify it
44 of 47
Freud **Objection**
We just see illusions, we are physical beings and can not see into the metaphysical
45 of 47
Michael Persinger
Religious Experiences are just our body responding to external stimuli, created the 'god helmet' to stimulate a religious experience
46 of 47
Followed M. Persinger || Research into temporal lobe epilepsy - and discovered characters from events like St. Paul may of had epilepsy & the temporal lobe was God's way to communicate
47 of 47

Other cards in this set

Card 2


External to the mind



Card 3


Within the mind


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Religious visions occur when an individual sees/hears something supernatural - ie an imaginary image that strengthens their faith


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


The feeling of a powerful presence during a religious experience


Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Philosophy resources »