The Tudors

  • Created by: ElizaJack
  • Created on: 13-02-16 19:26
Give a quote from the submission of the clergy 1532.
"committed to the examination and judgement of your grace."
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What did members do at the first meeting of the reformation parliament according to the chronicler Edward Hall?
"complain bitterly"
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What does Bernard say about the reformation?
"Generally accepted that the English Reformation was not a popular movement but an act of state"
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How is much information known?
Archival records.
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What does Bernard downplay?
Protestant sympathies among the King's inner circle.
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Who did Eamon Duffy disagree with that ...?
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What is Ryrie's view of the church?
"the English Church was somewhere between tolerably good shape and glowing health"
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How does he think the reformation came about?
Top down, but ideas plainly already rooted. "
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What book suggests it is bottom up?
Narreson's 'Bible Readers and Lay Writers'.
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How does Ryrie view the reformation?
"inescapably religious"
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What does Zanetti emphasise?
The King's use of propaganda and liturgy.
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What does Bernard say about the divorce?
"nothing induces a man to question his marriage more than falling in love with another woman"
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What does Scarisbrick say about Boleyn's abstinence?
"either because of virtue or ambition"
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What does Bernard say about Anne?
"It's much more likely that Anne asked that she would be the King's only mistress"
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What does Bernard say about the divorce?
"Henry was anticipating and attempting to deal with a potential obstacle to a marriage to Anne."
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What does Bernard say about Henry?
"It was a characteristic of Henry's rule that he placed responsibility for unpopular policies on others."
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When did C of A die and what did Henry and Anne wear?
1536. Yellow is either the colour of joy or the traditional mourning colour of Spain.
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What did even Chapuy report of Anne's trial?
"These things she totally denied and gave to each a plausible answer" called her "the whore".
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What was she accused of?
Laughing at the King. Henry could not have asked for another annulment.
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What did the public believe?
After her miscarriage thought to be a witch and incest.
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What did Anne say about Wolsey?
"Any noble who had done the same would have been killed."
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When did Catherine marry Arthur?
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How did Arthur die?
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How does Starkey characterise her?
"Vulnerable young widow in a strange country"
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How does Starkey consider her performance as a regent while Henry was at Callais?
"executed the role to perfection"
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What claim was made in Leviticus?
"If a man shall take his brother's wife...they shall be childless"
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How did Starkey consider Catherine's denial of consummation?
"an honourable lie"
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Who wrote the 'Collectanea Satis Copiosa'?
Foxe and Cranmer.
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Who said she was a witch?
Hart, although he was only 9 when she died.
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Give a quote from Catherine of Aragon's speech at Blackfriars.
"I was a true maid, without touch of man. And whether it be true or no I put it to your conscience."
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What did Chapuy say about Anne's brother?
"no proof of his guilt was produced"
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How does Mackay characterise Henry and Catherine?
"diplomatic shrewdness" "fearless warrior queen" and a "vulnerable desolate wife"
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How did Mackay characterise Boleyn?
"intelligent, impetuous and ambitious"
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What is 'me and my King' in Latin?
Ego et Rex meus
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What was Wolsey accused of?
Carried King's seal into Flanders, sent monies to Rome to the "impoverishment of the Rome".
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What are some possible reasons for this?
To get nobility on side, a threat to the Pope or punishment for failure.
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Where was he exiled to?
York, implying respect.
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When did Wolsey die?
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Why did Wolsey rise to power?
A successful campaign against France.
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What did Dale say about Richard Hunne?
"His dlings were already running high."eath while in the custody of the bishop, Richard Fitzjames, spread alarm among the London populace, where anti-clerical fee
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How does Duffy get some information?
Commonplace books.
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How long did it take Campeggio to reach England, partly due to illness?
6 months.
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What did Chapuy think was instrumental in destruction of Wolsey?
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What did Henry say about the Pope?
"To follow the Pope is to forsake Christ."
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What is the difference between the reformation in England and Germany?
England did not change doctrine.
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What did Catherine of Aragon believe?
Wolsey "kindled this fire" because she commented on his "presumptuous power and tyranny
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How many books did Simon Fish write?
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When was the Act of Supremacy?
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What did More call the act?
Repugnant to the laws of God?
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Give a quote from Chaucer's 'The Pardoner's Tale'.
"My aim in all for gain"
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What did Elizabeth Barton supposedly do?
Admitted deceit.
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What did Erasmus hope?
people would "sing the texts of the scripture at his plough". He disagreed of "constant in-fighting" and pursued learning rather than precise meaning of texts.
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What order did Martin Luther join?
Eremite Augustinians of strict observers.
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Why did he become disillusioned on a pilgrimage to Rome?
The Glorious Brasillica of St Peters.
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How did Steve Gunn describe society in the 16th century?
"cohesive, confident and cosmopolitan" however many in the north "knew no King but Percy
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When did Henry come to the throne?
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When did More publish Utopia?
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When did Tyndale release his translation of the Bible?
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When was Martin Luther?
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How does Randell imagine Henry?
suggestible, whimsical "cruel" and unconfident therefore highly suggestible for advisors e.g Wolsey 'alter rex'.
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How do others consider Henry?
As possessing "determination, self assurance, intellectual ability and political shrewdness"
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Give a quote about superstition.
Sommerville 'A Summer's Day': "fasted the day before in memory of past unluckiness".
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When did Lollardy enjoy a resurgence?
16th century.
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When did Wolsey become Legatus a latere?
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Give a quote from the will of Foldyngton.
"I leave my best goods to my priest to pray for my soul"
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What fraction of land was owned by the church?
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What was the Eucharist?
A commemoration of the last supper.
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The acted as a Court of Appeals?
The Papal Curia.
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What drew people to the church?
The plague.
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How were beliefs steeped in nature?
Harvest, Easter, Lent etc.
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How many parishes were without a resident priest in 1529?
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Who did Lords Spiritual (bishops and abbots of large monasteries) outnumber?
Lords Temporal in the House of Lords.
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How did the Church make money for the crown?
Clerical taxation.
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Who traditionally made up the Royal council in diplomatic roles?
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Give examples of revisionists.
Froude and Duffy.
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Give a quote from Dickens' 'The English Reformation'.
"The Lollards were the allies and in some measure the begetters of the anticlerical forces"
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Give a quote from Duffy.
"The majority of early Protestant activists were converts from devout Catholicism, not from Lollardy."
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Give a quote from MacCulloch
one "cannot deny that there is a striking coincidence between the areas where Lollardy had been strong and Dickens' 'great crescent' of early popular evangelicalism. Yet proof of definite links between Lollardy and the English academics who became...
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spokesman for the Reformation is the most difficult to substantiate."
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What conjectures does 'The ********* of the Altars' dislike?
"There was a wide gulf between 'popular' and 'elite' religion" and "paganism and superstition were rife."
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What object was valued?
The beads of the Virgin Mary, who was believed to speak on behalf to God.
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What was Foxe's 'Book of Martyrs' 1563?
Anti-catholic propaganda.
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Who was John Ball?
John Ball (c. 1338 – 15 July 1381) was an English Lollard priest who took a prominent part in the Peasants' Revolt of 1381.
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What did Erasmus tell Martin Luther?
"one gets further by courtesy and moderation than by clamour. That's how Christ brought the world under his sway."
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What did Wooding say about Humanism?
"satire was the humanism weapon." e.g Priests "bray in church like donkeys".
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What did Erasmus say about education?
"to be a schoolmaster is an office second in importance to a King."
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What is the traditional Bible called?
Vulgate-Latin Bible.
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What did Erasmus say about the Bible?
"as if the strength of the Christian religion consisted in men's ignorance of it."
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What did Wooding think of Protestantism?
"Protestantism was to lose itself in precise definition of doctrine".
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How many sacraments did Martin Luther accept?
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How did John Guy say humanism developed?
Moved towards defending the church.
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How did More reply to the Babylonian captivity of the church?
Wrote the Assertio.
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What title did the Pope therefore awards Henry with?
'Fidei Defensor'.
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What did Fish's the 'A Supplication for the Beggars' 1528 call Richard Hunne?
"an honest man".
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What did revisionist Dickens think?
Bottom up.
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What did Haig think?
Several reformations.
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What is the traditional view?
Long chain of cause and effect over 40yrs. Inevitable.
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What did Foxe say Wycliffe attempted?
to "teach people the truth".
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What did Knighton say?
"trodden under foot of swine"
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Was Tyndale's bible a bestseller?
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How many unfilled offices did pluralist see in 1529?
Over 1000.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What did members do at the first meeting of the reformation parliament according to the chronicler Edward Hall?


"complain bitterly"

Card 3


What does Bernard say about the reformation?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


How is much information known?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


What does Bernard downplay?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


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