The Skeleton

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  • Created by: amypower
  • Created on: 28-06-15 18:00
How many bones are there?
206
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How many muscles are there?
640
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What are the 2 types of tissue?
Outer layer - strong and hard Inner layer - Strong and spongy
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What are the skeletons 4 main functions?
Protection, Support, Production of Blood cells and Movement
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What does our skelton protect?
inner organs, cranium protects our brain, ribs protect our lungs and heart.
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What does our skeleton produce?
Marrow, blood cells, calcium and stores important minerals
6 of 20
Where are the muscles attatched?
To bones via tendons
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Give an example of an Antagonistic Pair?
Triceps and Biceps
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What is a clavicle, scapula and sternum?
Clavicle - Collar bone Scapula - Shoulder blade Sternum - Chest bone
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What are the 4 types of muscles?
Volountary, Involountary, Cardiac and Antagonistic
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What is a voluntary muscle?
Move joints and are connected to bones by tendons
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What is a involuntary muscle?
Move blood, food and urine.
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What is a cardiac muscle with example?
A muscle that never gets tired. Heart.
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What is an Antagonistic muscle?
A pair of muscles which work together. As one muscle contracts the other relaxes.
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What are the 2 joints with examples?
Hinge - Elbow and Knee Ball and Socket - Hip and Shoulder
15 of 20
What is a tendon?
Connects the muscle to the bone. Flexible and has fibrous tissue.
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What does a tendon do?
Transmits force of the muscle contraction to the bone.
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What is a ligament?
It is strecthy and arranged in cross patterns. Varies in lengths. A connective tissue.
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What does a ligament do?
Controls the range of motion
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What does a cartilage do?
Reduces friction and acts as a shock abosrber
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

How many muscles are there?

Back

640

Card 3

Front

What are the 2 types of tissue?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the skeletons 4 main functions?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does our skelton protect?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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