The Learning Approach to Addiction

Some psychologists from the learning approach to explanations of addiction!

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Griffiths (2009)
Argues gamblers become addicted due to physiological, psychological, social, and financial rewards
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Lambos et al (2007)
Peers and family members of problem gamblers were more likely to approve of gambling
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Kandel and Wu (1995)
Propose that young people begin smoking as a consequence of social models they have around them that smoke
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Mayeux et al (2008)
Found a positive relationship between smoking at age 16 and boy's poularity two years later
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Hogarth et al (2010)
Amount of craving increases significantly when conditioned stimulus is presented to smoker
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Blaszczynski and Nower (2002)
'Behaviourally conditioned' gamblers do so because of exposure through role models and peer groups. Tend to show least severe gambling. 'Emotionally vulnerable' gambler uses gambling to relieve aversive emotional state
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DiBlasio and Bender (1993)
Peer group influences are the primary influence for adolescents who smoke/use drugs
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Thewissen et al (2008)
33 smokers presented with cue predicting smoking in one room, cue predicting smoking unavailable in another. Cue predicting smoking led to greater smoking urge than other cue
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Card 2

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Peers and family members of problem gamblers were more likely to approve of gambling

Back

Lambos et al (2007)

Card 3

Front

Propose that young people begin smoking as a consequence of social models they have around them that smoke

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Found a positive relationship between smoking at age 16 and boy's poularity two years later

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Amount of craving increases significantly when conditioned stimulus is presented to smoker

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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