The Humanistic approach - Trigger/Key words + Notes

Look at the trigger/key word on the front of the card and try to think of some knowledge or evaluation from the textbook that matches up.

Self-determining & Free will
Believe that humans are self-determining and have free will.
1 of 30
Sees everyone as unique.
2 of 30
Reject generalising
Humanistic psychologists reject generalising.
3 of 30
Person-centred approach.
4 of 30
Hierarchy of needs
Self-actualisation is the top of the hierarchy of needs.
5 of 30
Lower needs
All lower needs must be met before self-actualisation can be worked towards.
6 of 30
Potential & Personal growth
To do with a person reaching their potential personal growth.
7 of 30
Ideas central to humanistic Psychology would be more readily associated with individualist cultures (like the USA).
8 of 30
Not applicable
In cultures such as Indian culture, these ideas aren't as applicable.
9 of 30
Development location
Possible that this approach would not 'travel well' and is influenced by where is was developed.
10 of 30
Self, Ideal self, Equivalent
Personal growth can only be achieved if the ideas of self are equivalent.
11 of 30
Incongruence & Gap
Person will experience incongruence and self-actualisation will not be possible if gap between actual self and ideal self is too large.
12 of 30
Client-centred therapy, 'Close gap'
Client-centred therapy is used to 'close gap' which fixes problems from childhood (e.g: conditional love from parents).
13 of 30
Praised for 'bringing the person back into Psychology'.
14 of 30
Positive image
Positive image of human condition.
15 of 30
Freud - negative
Freud saw humans as 'slaves to their past' and claimed everyone exists between 'common unhappiness' and 'absolute despair'.
16 of 30
Optimistic alternative
Humanistic offers a refreshing and optimistic alternative: all humans are basically good and have the ability to work to their full potential.
17 of 30
Abstract & Difficult to test
Humanistic includes vague ideas that are abstract and difficult to test under experimental conditions.
18 of 30
Client-centred therapy, Important
Client-centred therapy is an important form of modern day psychotherapy.
19 of 30
Client = expert, Own solutions
Client is seen as an expert of their own condition and encouraged to discover their own solutions.
20 of 30
Genuineness, Empathy, Positive regard, Self worth
Effective therapist is to show genuineness, empathy and unconditional positive regard to increase self worth.
21 of 30
Mild neurosis
Best applied to treatment of 'mild' psychological conditions.
22 of 30
Relatively little real-world application.
23 of 30
Limited impacts & Lacks evidence base
Limited impact in Psychology as a whole (lacks a sound evidence base).
24 of 30
Rogerian theory, Counselling techniques
Rogerian theory has revolutionised counselling techniques.
25 of 30
Abstract concepts, Loose set
Described as a loose set of abstract concepts
26 of 30
Hierarchy of needs, Motivation (workplace)
Hierarchy of needs has been used to explain motivation (particularly in the workplace).
27 of 30
Reject breaking up
Humanists reject breaking up behaviour and experience into smaller components.
28 of 30
Advocate holism (considering the whole person).
29 of 30
More validity, Real-life context
May have more validity than its alternatives by considering meaningful behaviour with real-life context.
30 of 30

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Sees everyone as unique.



Card 3


Humanistic psychologists reject generalising.


Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4


Person-centred approach.


Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5


Self-actualisation is the top of the hierarchy of needs.


Preview of the back of card 5
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