The Dutch Revolt

What happened in 1581?
Protestant rebels in Netherlands declared indépendance from Spain
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What was established?
Dutch Republic
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What did Elizabeth give?
Limited financial help and weapons
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Why was she reluctant to do this?
Because she didn't want to provoke Philip by getting involved directly
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Who was the Dutch rebel leader?
William the Silent
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When was he assassinated?
1584
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Why was the Dutch revolt in danger?
Because they could be defeated and Spanish could gain power and then invade England
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What did Elizabeth decide to do as a result?
Give direct help
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What did she sign in 1585?
The Treaty of Nonsuch
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What did this treaty mean?
Placed Netherlands under England's protection and promised military assistance
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What 4 factors influenced the Treaty of Nonsuch?
Religion, Commercial, military, Strategy
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How did religion influence the signing of the Treaty?
Elizabeth wanted to protect Dutch Protestantism and prevent Philip from forcing Catholicism on the Netherlands
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How was there a commercial influence in the signing of the Treaty?
Netherlands' ports were essential entry points into Europe for English exports.
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What did this mean?
Netherlands was the best way to export English goods into Europe
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How was there a military influence in the signing of the Treaty?
If Philip defeated rebels, the country could be used as a base of invasion for England
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What strategy influenced the signing of the Treaty?
In 1584, Philip was seeking control over the French crown. If Netherlands was defeated then Spain would control almost entire Channel and Atlantic coasts of Europe
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Why didn't Elizabeth want to remove Philip as ruler of Netherlands?
Because she believed in the divine right
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What did she want to ensure?
Freedom of worship for Dutch Protestants
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Why was Robert Dudley sent to Netherlands?
To lead the military expedition
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When did Dudley return back to England?
1587
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What was the most effective way protecting Netherlands
By naval support
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How did this prove to be effective?
English ships patrolled Dutch coastline preventing Spain landing their forces there
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What was established?

Back

Dutch Republic

Card 3

Front

What did Elizabeth give?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Why was she reluctant to do this?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who was the Dutch rebel leader?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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