Terminology

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Allusion
Reference to other literary work
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Antithesis
The use of two words with opposite meanings (not necessarily next to each other)
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Enjambment
Where a sentence runs into the next line (poetry)
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Glib
Talking for the sake of talking
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Hyperbole
Exaggeration
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Juxtaposition
The use of two contrasting ideas/tones/theories to create dramatic contrast
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Oxymoron
Two words with OPPOSITE meanings used next to each other
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Paralinguistic features
Body language, facial expression, gestures etc.
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Pathos
Empathy and sympathy for a character
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Phonology
How things sound
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Sibilance
Repeated 'S', 'Sh', 'C' or 'Z' sounds
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Superlative
'The most', i.e. biggest, best, worst
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Synesthesia
Appealing to more than one sense, e.g. warm laughter
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Syntax
The order and arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences
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Anaphora
Repetition of sequences of words at the beginnings of clauses
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Anthropomorphism
The application of human characteristics to non-human objects or creatures (unlike personification, the object or creature is actually doing something human)
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Bathos
An anti-climax
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Catalyst
A person or event which speeds up or changes a course of events
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Cataphoric reference
A reference to something mentioned later in the text
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Anaphoric reference
A reference to something previously mentioned in the tex
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Conceit
Repeated or particularly ingenious metaphor
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Epigram
A famous quote, e.g. 'I have a dream'
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Idiolect
The way language is used by a specific indiviual
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Idiom
A regularly used metaphor, e.g. barking up the wrong tree, hit the road
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Semantic field
A group of words all linked by meaning, e.g. nanny, grandma, grandpa, grandparents
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Lexical field
A group of words representing identical events, e.g. granny, grandma, nanny
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Omniscient narrator
(Usually in prose) An all-seeing, all-knowing narrator
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Parallelism
When parts of sentences have similar patterns or structure
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Pathetic fallacy
The application of human emotions to objects or creatures to reflect a mood
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Phatic utterances
Small talk
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Pragmatics
Having an idea of what someone means without them actually saying it
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Sociolect
Speech based on social class
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Taboo language
Words that are often avoided for fear of their possible obscenity or ability to cause offense
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Topic loop
Returning to a previous topic
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Topic marker
An utterance introducing a topic
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Zoomorphism
Giving humans animal characteristics
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Assonance
resemblance of sound between syllables of nearby words, arising from the rhyming of two or more stressed vowels, but not consonants (e.g. sonnet, porridge ), or from identical consonants with different vowels (e.g. killed, culled, cold)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The use of two words with opposite meanings (not necessarily next to each other)

Back

Antithesis

Card 3

Front

Where a sentence runs into the next line (poetry)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Talking for the sake of talking

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Exaggeration

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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