Surgery

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: EnyaS
  • Created on: 26-05-15 14:11
Trephining was used to...
release 'evil spirits' that prehistoric people thought caused illness
1 of 28
In prehistoric times, mud was used to...
set broken bones
2 of 28
Egyptians were good at practical first aid, such as...
reseting dislocated joints, healing broken bones, bandaging and stitching
3 of 28
Greeks had no evidence of internal surgery, but they did...
dissect corpses to examine internal elements of the body
4 of 28
Greeks were aided by _ _ _ because more surgery was needed
war
5 of 28
Romans had no evidence of internal surgery, but they did...
develop new instruments such as the c-section
6 of 28
Medieval people carried out both internal and external surgery. True or False?
True
7 of 28
When having external surgery in medieval times, people...
often died from bleeding, shock or infection
8 of 28
Surgeons skills were in great demand in medieval times because of...
frequent warfare
9 of 28
Medieval people discovered some natural anaesthetics and antiseptics such as...
wine
10 of 28
Many people during medieval times were...
barber surgeons
11 of 28
In the renaissance, treatment was... a) different or b) the same as the middle ages
b) the same as
12 of 28
Who was Ambroise Paré?
A French army surgeon who one day after running out of oil to cauterise wounds, developed a natural remedy which healed the wounds better than the oil
13 of 28
During amputations Paré used _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ to tie the arteries instead of cauterisation
ligatures
14 of 28
A scientist who aided renaissance surgery was...
Edward Jenner
15 of 28
Factors effecting C19th surgery include...
War, The Industrial Revolution, Scientific knowledge, Inventions and Social reasons such a Queen Victoria's labour
16 of 28
In 1842, Crawford W. Long...
used ether as an anaesthetic
17 of 28
What did Horace Wells attempt to do in 1845?
demonstrate that laughing gas would allow him to painlessly remove a tooth
18 of 28
In 1846, Robert Liston...
removed a leg using ether
19 of 28
Who was James Simpson?
he discovered Chloroform in 1847 which was an anaesthetic to allow painless surgery.
20 of 28
What was a problem of using Chloroform?
the dosage was not known, and so some people never woke up
21 of 28
Florence Nightingale...
improved standards, cleanliness and nursing care in hospitals
22 of 28
In 1865, Joseph Lister began to use _____________ based on _______'s theory
antiseptic spray to clean surgical instruments and bandages, based on Louis Pasteur's Germ Theory
23 of 28
In 1890 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ surgery began such as...
aseptic. Surgeons boiled their equipment to sterilise it
24 of 28
Who were blood groups discovered by in 1901?
Karl Landsteiner
25 of 28
In the 1940's, Archibald McIndoe...
learned how to surgically rebuild the faces of army pilots who had been burned during the war. This was the first evidence of plastic surgery
26 of 28
The first heart transplant was performed by _______ in ____ who was ___________.
Christiaan Barnard in 1967 who was South African
27 of 28
The 1990's saw an increase in...
keyhole surgery, endoscopes and ultrasound scanning
28 of 28

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

set broken bones

Back

In prehistoric times, mud was used to...

Card 3

Front

reseting dislocated joints, healing broken bones, bandaging and stitching

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

dissect corpses to examine internal elements of the body

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

war

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Medicine through time (OCR History A) resources »