Studying society

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  • Created by: Jkaur1999
  • Created on: 06-04-15 21:20
What is sociology?
The study of society and shows how we are influenced and shaped through being members of society
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What is society?
A group of people who have common interest and a certain culture.
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What is culture?
A group of peple who have laws which have been passed on from generation to generation.
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What is Law?
Written rules which say what should and should not be done by members of society.
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Norm?
An informal rule that guides are behavior in a certain situation.
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Role?
patterns of behavior expected by people in different situations.
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Values
beliefs held by a group or 1 person that helps build norms.
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socal sciece
A set plan used to study the human relations hips with socuety.
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Social policy
Where the Government aims to make it society better and to improve the conditions.
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Theoretical prospective
Looking at social issues through one theorists theory.
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Consensus
A generakl agreemet between individuals or groups
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conflict
A general disagreement where groups oppose
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Feminist
someone who believes men and women should have the same right and opportunities.
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Marxist
someone who believes Karl Marx theory, which is that society is divided because of social classes and how the capitalist are ruling society.
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capitalism
where an owner makes more money than the,worker which work for him or her. They make money by keeping part of the employees money.
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Quantitative data
info represented by numbers and used in statistical methods.
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Qualitative date
info represented by images and text and has a lot of detailed information.
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Social strafication
Where groups are placed at different levels in society.
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Social class
People are placed in certain places because of their income and their job.
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Ehinicity
grouping of people when they share the same culture beliefs and history etc.
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Gender
the cultural and social differences in sexes.
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Strata
Layers showing paticular caracteristics of individual below or above them
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Status
the honor a person has because of thir place in society.
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income
the money an individual recieves in time period such as working, saving, and interests.
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Constraint
Not being able to do what you want to being restricted.
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Socialistaion
The life long process where you learn new skills, norms, values about your culture.
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Social control
the process where people are persuaded to obey and agree to the laws.
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Conformity
doing what is expected and behaving in a way which doesn't break norms.
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Family
two or more people are associated with each other by birth, cohabitation, marriage or adoption.
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Canalistaion
being challenged in a paticular direction
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Formal curriculumn
what students learn in lesson
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Hidden curriculumn
the ways in which the school teaches rules, behaviour expectations and grades all these are not taught in lessons and the way a pupil needs to behave they learn these school not lessons
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Sanction
agreed reward for positive behavior and penalty for negative behaviour
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Legislature
the section of the government that is responsible of making laws
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Judicary
The section where the government has the power to apply the law, this includes the court system and the judge.
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Poverty
being poor There are different types of poor
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Welfare state
government taking repsopnsibilty for the health and finanacial wellbeing of the public
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Relative poverty
a situation where someone cant take part in activities which are seen in the public as normal.
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Pressure group
a group bothered about single issues and put on pressure to make a change.
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Moral panic
when media issues lead to public concerns
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Media amplification
over exaggerating things by using media.
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Social survey
information which can be made on the streets, home and by questioning local residents and this focuses on a paticular population.
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Primary data
Data that has been collected the first time by a researcher
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Questionnare
Set of questions to find out some information.
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Secondary data
Already found data but used by another researcher for there research and used for more information.
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official statistics
set of statistics made by gathering data which is made by the government or other official organisations.
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respondent
someone who is providing you data for your resarch
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Sample
group of people used for your study
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sampling frame
a complete list where your sample is selected.
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Representative
your sample is not biased but the people are usually from large groups.
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Generalistaion
feeling confident that your findings will reflect positively on the society, and the view will support your findings.
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bias
not taking a mixture views just taking one side
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reliability
data is reliable if you come out with the same results if repeated over and over again.
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pilot study
study on a small scale before the main research is done
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Ethical considerations
making sure your research is not offending or harming anyone.
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Anonymity
making sure that no names are mentioned in your completed report
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confidential
keeping the answers secret which have been ddiscussed between you and the respondent
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informed consent
making sure your respondents know what you are doing and agree to participate
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gatekeeper
someone who give permission for people to be part of the research
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triangulation
checking accuracy of collected data through one method this is done by comparing data which was checked by using a different method.
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Ethnograhy
looking at the whole life of a group using data and and different data collection methods
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is society?

Back

A group of people who have common interest and a certain culture.

Card 3

Front

What is culture?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Law?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Norm?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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