Studying Society1

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Sociology
the study of human social life, groups and societies
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Culture
The way of life of a society or group including its values, norms, beliefs and language
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Socialisation
the processes through which we learn the culture and values of society we are born into
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Social Issues
Issues and problems that affect individuals, groups and communties in their daily lives such as fear of crime, inequality or poverty
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Social Stratification
The way society is structured or divided into hierarchical strata or layers with the mos privileged group at the top and the privilieged at the bottom
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Social Processes
processes such socialisation, social control and social change
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Population
the particular group being studied, for example students in higher education or families
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Sample
a subgroup of the population that is selected to study
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Sampling Frame
a list of members of the population, such as a school register
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Representitive Sample
a sample that has the same characteristics as the population but is a smaller version of it
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Generalisations
general statements and conclusions that apply not only to the sample studied but also to the broader population
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Simple Random Sampling
Each member of the population has an equal chance of being selected
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Systemtic Sampling
researchers take very 'nth' item from the sampling frame, for example every 20th name from a school register
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Stratified Random Sampling
Researchers divide the population into strata then randomly draw a sample from each subgroup in proportion to the population.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The way of life of a society or group including its values, norms, beliefs and language

Back

Culture

Card 3

Front

the processes through which we learn the culture and values of society we are born into

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Issues and problems that affect individuals, groups and communties in their daily lives such as fear of crime, inequality or poverty

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The way society is structured or divided into hierarchical strata or layers with the mos privileged group at the top and the privilieged at the bottom

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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