Stress and Personality Flashcards

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  • Created by: Hope
  • Created on: 05-01-15 12:28
What is personality?
A set of characteristic behaviours, attitudes and general temperment that distinguish one person from another
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What did Friedman and Rosenman say about Type A individuals?
They always want to achieve their best and possess three major characteristics: competitevness, impatience and hosilitiy
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Describe Type B individuals
They are patient, relaxed and easy going, therefore less vunerable to stress related illness
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What did Friedman and Rosenham do in their experiment?
3000 middle aged men living in LA were examined for signs of CHD and their personalitys were assesed by interview.
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What were the results of Friedman and Rosenhams experiment?
After 8 and a half years twice as many Type A participants had died of heart problems, over 12% of type A's suffered heart problems compared to 6% type B's
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What was the conclusion of Friedman and Rosenhams experiment?
Type A personalitys are more likely to develop CHD
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Name 3 evaluation points of Friedman and Rosenhams experiment?
Didn't take into account extraneous variables, experiment was gender biased and it was correlational
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What were Kobasa and Maddi's experiment's on?
The 'Hardy' personality
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Kobasa and Maddi said you have to have.... in order to have a hardy personaliyu
Control, commitment and challenge
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What was the aim of Kobasa and Maddis experiment?
To test any link between a hardy personality and stress levels
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What did Kobasa and Maddi do in their experiment?
800 buisness men's stress levels were tested using the Holmes and Rahes SRRS and hardiness was tested using hardiness test
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What were the results of Kobasa and Maddi's experiment?
150 of the men had high levels of stress, those with low levels of illness and so low levels of stress were more likely to be more hardy
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What was the conclusion of Kobasa and Maddi''s experiment?
Having a hardy personality can reduce the levels of stress
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What did Lifton Et Al find in reference to hardiness?
He found that students scoring low in the hardiness test were the drop outs of college and people who scored high earned their degree
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Friedman and Rosenman say about Type A individuals?

Back

They always want to achieve their best and possess three major characteristics: competitevness, impatience and hosilitiy

Card 3

Front

Describe Type B individuals

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What did Friedman and Rosenham do in their experiment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What were the results of Friedman and Rosenhams experiment?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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