Sparta Terms

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  • Created by: Electra37
  • Created on: 29-09-15 11:47
famous war between Athens and Sparta supported by their respective allies (won by Sparta)
Peloponnesian War
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region surrounding Sparta, situated in the south-east of the Peloponnese peninsular in southern Greece
Laconia
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original inhabitants of Sparta, who eventually became Helots
Achaean Greeks
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invaders of Laconia, who eventually became perioikoi
Dorian Greeks
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'those who live around', Dorian inhabitants allowed a degree of self-government
perioikoi
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'captives', serfs on Spartan farms
helots
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'equals', spartan citizens
Homoioi, Spartiates
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good order, well-organized political system with citizens obeying its laws
eunomia
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'rearing', city's boarding school
Agoge
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19 or 20 year old Spartans who had recently graduated from the Agoge
eirenes
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headmaster of Agoge: Spartan warrior with great record
Paidonomos
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Sparta's secret police force
Krypteia
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dining club with 15 members who ate together every night and shared a tent when on campaign
syssition
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(7th century) rectangular formation of soldiers in rows and columns, with each column usually 8 rows deep
phalanx
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heavily-armed soldiers of the phalanx
hoplites/hopla
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leaders of Ancient Sparta who shared power with the kings and supervised their performance
ephors
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a council of 28 elders
The Gerousia/ Apella
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the assembly of Spartan Citizens
The Ecclesia
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two royal families, each of which provided a king
Agiads and Eurypontids
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Laconia

Back

region surrounding Sparta, situated in the south-east of the Peloponnese peninsular in southern Greece

Card 3

Front

Achaean Greeks

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Dorian Greeks

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

perioikoi

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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Comments

OGT 400

the apella isn't a council of elders, but overall good notes 

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