Soviet Union

Definition of formal empire?
Formal control over territory exercised by a sovereign state,monarchy or oligarch.
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Definition of an informal empire?
A sphere of influence over a certain area by a sovereign state or power - this can be economic, political or cultural.
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How is the Soviet Union a formal empire?
Because it has formal control over 15 republics from Eastern Europe - Latvia to Central Asia - Tajikistan. Also Soviet troops stationed in each republic. Gained territory via annexation in 1945. Aid provided to other socialist countries.
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How is the Soviet Union an informal cultural empire?
Because Communism is the uniting ideology that is the pinnacle of the Soviet Union - influence extends over entire SU. Komsomol instils the ideology from childhood. Comintern - ensured only Russian-style communism was followed.
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How is the Soviet Union an informal economic empire?
Because of central planning and distribution of resources. Also instituions like COMECON set up to coordinate economic policies for all - really to maintain influence. Wholesale nationalisation of factories - complete central control.
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How is the Soviet Union an informal political empire?
Because the CPSU is the de facto party in the Soviet Union - it is a unitary political system. All other governments are communist and are aligned with the CPSU. Presence of subservient law and justice courts in the republics. Cominform
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Realist conceptions of the Soviet Union empire?
Was a formal empire with control of territory and military power. Continued to gain via annexation 1945. Assisting socialist regimes via proxy wars e.g. Vietnam,Afghanistan - maintain BoP. Power centrally located with CPSU.
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Liberal conceptions of the Soviet Union empire?
Institutions like COMECON and Cominform set up to foster cooperation etc - but in reality to maintain influence and security e.g. Cominform ensured following of Russian-style communism & COMECON prevented any other invention but Soviet being made.
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Structural conceptions of the Soviet Union empire?
Came about as a result of the dissent following unpopular Tsarist rule in Russia and advent of Marxism - structurally there was a way out from the economic decline.
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Social Constructivist conception of the Soviet Union empire?
Construction of most importantly an ideological empire - communism as the uniting ideology also using nationalism and political sentiments. Use of institutions such as COMECON further interred the idea of empire.
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Power and Resistance in the Soviet Union?
Power - centrally located in the CPSU, law and justice courts subservient to communist ideology. There is some resistance to Soviet leadership e.g. Ukraine Insurgency Army - squashed fairly easily.
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Soviet Union empire in relation to the Cold War?
Maintains its influence abroad as a socialist forerunner - provides aid and support to socialist states such as Cuba, Vietnam. Invaded Afghanistan to support the national communist party.
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In relation to the world?
No one control was under Soviet domain like the republics were. They accepted Soviet help but were not puppet states e.g. Cuba - and some even moved away from Soviet communism e.g. China.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Definition of an informal empire?

Back

A sphere of influence over a certain area by a sovereign state or power - this can be economic, political or cultural.

Card 3

Front

How is the Soviet Union a formal empire?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How is the Soviet Union an informal cultural empire?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is the Soviet Union an informal economic empire?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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