Sociology Theories FUNCTIONALISTS

  • Created by: Charlotte
  • Created on: 10-12-12 19:47
How many societies did George Murdock study?
250 in the USA
1 of 18
Name the four functions Murdock argued existed in the family
Sexual, Reproductive, Educational, Economic
2 of 18
Explain the reproductive function
Provides new members for society
3 of 18
Explain the educational function
Socialises its members into society's shared norms and values (primary socialisation)
4 of 18
Explain the economic function
The family providing food and shelter for its members
5 of 18
Explain the sexual function
Provides sexual gratificiation for the spouses. Husbandsand wife have the RIGHT of sexual access to each other
6 of 18
Name the two functions that Talcott Parsons thought existed in the family.
The Primary Socialisation of the children, The stabilisation of adult personalities
7 of 18
What were the two roles within the family according to Parsons?
Expressive leader, Instrumental leader
8 of 18
What is the expressive leader?
The female role that is the caregiver and home maker
9 of 18
What is the instrumental leader?
The male role that is the wage earner/breadwinner
10 of 18
Explain Parsons warm bath theory
The mother creates a warm, loving and nuturing atmosphere that allows the family and adults relax and release tension
11 of 18
What did Ronald Fletcher say about the traditional functions?
Claimed traditional functions such as care and education of children are now supported rather than removed
12 of 18
What did Fletcher say was supporting traditional functions? And give examples
The welfare State. Through state schools, hospitals and welfare provisions
13 of 18
What did Fletcher say was the cause of more divorces?
Higher expectation of marriage
14 of 18
Mention a weakness for Fletchers theory
Considered that divorces meant they are unhappy and will not re-marry
15 of 18
Name two weaknesses for Parsons theory
Ignores dark side of the family and family diversity
16 of 18
Name two weaknesses for Murdocks theory
Only visited 250 societies and the Ik tribe prove his theory wrong that the family is not universal
17 of 18
Name three functionalists
Murdock, Parsons, Fletcher
18 of 18

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Name the four functions Murdock argued existed in the family


Sexual, Reproductive, Educational, Economic

Card 3


Explain the reproductive function


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Explain the educational function


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Explain the economic function


Preview of the front of card 5
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