Sociology

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The role of education- marxist theorist- Bowles and Gintis
Correspondence theory. Heir-achy of work is replicated at school.
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The role of education- marxist theorist- Althusser
ISA, hidden curriculum, meritocracy is a myth
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The role of education- functionalist theorist- Durkheim
VEHICLE Pass on norms, roles and values. Secondary socialisation. Value consensus
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The role of education- functionalist theorist- Parsons
BRIDGE between family and adult roles
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The role of education- functionalist theorist- Davis and Moore
SIVE Role allocation. Sift and sort
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The role of education- functionalist theorist- Young
Meritocracy (IQ + EFFORT = REWARD)
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Material Deprivation- Smith and Noble
1995- BARRIERS to learning which can result from low income
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Material Deprivation- Callender and Jackson
2004- FEAR of DEBT and higher education. W/C afraid of debt
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Material Deprivation- Reay
2005- Shows how FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS can affect students progress in further and higher education
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Material Deprivation- UK Universities
2005- WORK affects degree levels
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Material Deprivation- CPAG
2009- 6% of people on FREE SCHOOL MEALS are likely to take A levels
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Labelling- Rosenthal and Jacobson
1964- Pygmalia in the classroom. IQ TESTS- teachers got told pupils were very smart, so they got positively labelled and got a higher IQ.
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Labelling- Keddie
STREAMING. M/C kids that are positively labelled = top sets. W/C kids that are negatively labelled = bottom sets
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Labelling- Ball
BEACH side comprehensive. Top sets WARMED up (M/C) Bottom sets WARMED down (W/C)
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Labelling- Hargreaves
PUBLIC LABELS are more effeective. M/C = positive labels. W/C = negative labels
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Labelling- Cicorel and Kituse
SETS based on CLASS, M/C positive labelling
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Cultural Deprivation- Sugarman
1970- Gratification, fatalism, collectivisim, present time orientation
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Cultural Deprivation- Bernstein
1961- Neo marxist, RESTRICTED language code, ELABORATED language code.
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Cultural Deprivation- Bourdieu
1974- System is biased against the W/C. neo marxist, people who pass have CULTURAL CAPITAL
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Cultural Deprivation- Diane Raey
MOTHERS pass on cultural capital
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Cultural Deprivation- JWB Douglas
1964- PARENTAL interest. The home and the school
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Anti-school subcultures- Mac an Ghail
1994- Different types of boys MACHO LADS, achievers, real englishmen.
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Anti-school subcultures- Sewell
1996- REBELS anti-school agressive. Conformists=Pro school. Innovators=Anti school. Black masculinity
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Anti-school subcultures- Paul Willis
1977- Learning to labour. Choose to fail. learning is FEMININE
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Anti-school subcultures- Cohen
Status FRUSTRATION
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Gender- Mitsos and Browne
By the age of 16 girls are more MATURE than boys by up to 2 years. Boys OVER ESTIMATE their grades.
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Gender- Tony Sewell
Boys want 'STREET CRED'= low education. Girls don't develop anti school subcultures as much
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Gender- Sue Sharpe
1976-1994- W/C girls IN SCHOOL. 1976- girls wanted MARRIAGE, BABIES ETC. 1994- girls wanted GOOD CAREERS
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Gender- Mac an Ghail
1994- 'BREADWINNER' role has declined and males suffer from CRISIS OF MASCULINITY. More feminine jobs available.
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Gender- Barber
1994- Boys are LESS POSITIVE about education. Girls are more self doubting, boys make out like they didn't even try.
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Ethnicity- Coard
1971- RACISM and underachievement. West indian children are told that their way of speaking is inferior. WHITE = GOOD. BLACK= BAD
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Ethnicity- Wright
1992- Racism in multi-racial PRIMARY SCHOOLS. Even though staff were committed to equality of opportunity they still discriminated. Asians receive less attention .
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Ethnicity- Mirza
1992- BLACK GIRLS did well in education to SPITE teachers. Educational achievement of of black women is underestimated.
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Ethnicity- Mac an Ghail
1992- AFRO CARIBBEAN and ASIAN students in sixth form. The way students responded to schooling varied by their ethnicity. Girls were less willing to confrom to rules about uniform.
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Ethnicity- Amy Chao
TIGER mothers. Chinese kids do well.
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Ethnicity- Gilborn and Youndell
Teachers perceive black boys as threatening
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The role of education- marxist theorist- Althusser

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ISA, hidden curriculum, meritocracy is a myth

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The role of education- functionalist theorist- Durkheim

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The role of education- functionalist theorist- Parsons

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The role of education- functionalist theorist- Davis and Moore

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