Sociology key words

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Natural Behaviour
Behaviour is instinctive
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Values
Something that is worth something to you (e.g.marriage, family)
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Norms
Natural behaviour e.g. eat food or go to the toilet
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Customs
Norms for a society e.g. wearing black to a funeral
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Status
Social position or status by their culture. You can get this by wealth, power success...
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Roles
How society expects those of a certain status to behave in a particular way
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Culture
Connection between individual and society
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Primary socialization
The first stage in a life long process. Children learn language and basic norms and value
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Secondary socialization
Other institutions and groups participate in the socialization of children. Schools, mass media and peer groups play a role in teaching society's members how to behave in particular situations and how to interact with people of a different status
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Cultural diversity
Describes a society in which many different cultures exist
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Deviance
Rule-breaking behavior
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Ethnocentrism
The belief that one culture is normal and others are inferior
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Identity
The sense of who we are
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Instinct
A genetic or biological code in animals that largely determines their behaviour
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Internalize
Accept something so that it becomes 'taken for granted'
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Sanctions
Actions that encourage or discourage particular behaviour, such as smiling or frowning at a young child
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Socializaton
The process by which we learn acceptable cultural beliefs and behaviour
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Sociobiology
The study of similarities between the natural and social worlds
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Subcultural
A group within a larger culture that shares aspects of that culture but also has some of its own values, customs and so on....
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Society
A social system made up of social institutions such as family, education, law, politics, the media, religion, peer groups and so on...
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Something that is worth something to you (e.g.marriage, family)

Back

Values

Card 3

Front

Natural behaviour e.g. eat food or go to the toilet

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Norms for a society e.g. wearing black to a funeral

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Social position or status by their culture. You can get this by wealth, power success...

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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