Sociology - IDENTITY

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what is identity? f or f?
how we see ourselves; some say its fixed, postmodernists say it's a fluid process
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Hybrid identity, define, cause, use
mix of 2 identities, caused by globalisation/media, can belong to plural worlds
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National identity, define, key study
identity of a whole country; expressed through things like language, sports teams, flag. HALL - 3 responses to globalisation = cultural homogenisation, hybridity or resistance
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Ethnicity and identity - r and key studies
Resistance may be a response to racism. Cashmore + troyna - turn inwards, ethnic community becomes support. Winston james - african caribbeans label themselves as black and come together.
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ethnicity and identity - h and key studies
nayak - white wannabees. back - white youths attracted to black culture, form neighbourhood nationalism. Brasians - celebrate culture make it more fashionable; cultural code switchers; johal - hyper ethnic style as empowerment; mcdonalds burgers
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homosexuality and identity
no longer seen as illness; equality act = illegal to discriminate; WEEKS - larger part of identity if gay; chinese conversion therapy - conditioning, larger part of identity as going against chinese norms
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repression of female sexuality in identity
RICH - socialised into compulsory heterosexuality - available for men, lesbians are threat to male dominance
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gender and identity - what is gender?
the socially determined expected rules of behaviour
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gender and identity - 1st view
Biological view - gender is biologically determined
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gender and identity - 2nd view
Functionalists - PARSONS - instrumental/expressive is both natural and determined by society, e.g. men physically stronger, women give birth
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gender and identity - 3rd view + key study
Feminist - patriarchy constructed stereotypes; OAKLEY - gender roles learnt massively in family through canalisation, verbal appelation, manipulation and differential activities. MEAD - shows gender is learnt, not innate
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gender and identity - changing male key study 1
CONNELL - 3 types of masculinity = hegemonic, subordinate, marginalised
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gender and identity - changing male key study 2
MAC AND GHAILL - crisis of masculinity
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gender and identity - changing male key study 3
CANAAN - whats most important about being a man? employed said stereotypes, unemployed said having a job - felt emasculated
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disability and identity - 1st view + study
medical model - impairment is problem; shakespeare = creates victim mentality, see it as their fault rather than society not meeting their needs
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disability and identity - 2nd view + study
social model - society is problem; disability is a social construct based on what we see as normal; shakespeare = hard to form positive identity due to inferiority, lack of role models
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disability and identity - key study 1
GILL - master status of disability affects how we see ourselves, and we turn these feeling on ourselves
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disability and identity - key study 2
ZOLA - words used to describe disability are opposite of able words, e.g. de-formed, ab-normal
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Age and identity - stage 1 and study
childhood - socially constructed as time of dependance/vulnerability; POSTMAN - in decline and may disappear due to media
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Age and identity - stage 2 + cultural example
youth - stereotyped as resistance/rebellion; not all cultures have youth e.g. hamar tribe
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Age and identity - stage 3 and study
Middle age - negative; youth lost, old age approaching; BRADLEY - most status - top jobs and run the country
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Age and identity - stage 4 and study
Old - represents ugliness as our culture values beauty of youth; HOCKNEY AND JAMES - repetition of childhood, confined to specialist places; infantalisation in carehomes - dressed by others, pocket money, assumed innocent
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postmodernists view of age
less important - working longer and anti ageing products; media may make positive images of ageing, e.g. fashion comebacks
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Class and identity - 1st and study
Upper - inherit; in decline but superrich increasing; MACKINTOSH + MOONEY - have invisibility through social closure
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Class and identity - 2nd
middle - majority; most diverse due to range of jobs and income
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Class and identity - 3rd
WC - decline in manual jobs had eroded and dispersed WC communities; romantisised as hardworking
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Class and identity - 4th
under - murray; feckless; differing norms/values
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postmodernist view of class and identity
doesn't matter - more opportunities for everyone; PAKULSKI + WATERS - defined by what we buy, not do; media breaks boundaries between the classes
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marxist view of class and identity
does matter - bourgeoisie use media to protect themselves and exploit proletariat; ability to take on opporunities depends on money; class determines our experience of socialisation, school, health etc.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Hybrid identity, define, cause, use

Back

mix of 2 identities, caused by globalisation/media, can belong to plural worlds

Card 3

Front

National identity, define, key study

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Ethnicity and identity - r and key studies

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

ethnicity and identity - h and key studies

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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