Sociology social class and educational attainment

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When are children entitled to receive FSMs? Give two examples.
If parents receive any of the following: income support, child tax credit, working tax credit run on, income related employment and support allowance
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Why are students who receive FSM's grouped together?
They have similar characteristics across schools because they all come from families claiming some sort of benefit.
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What's the problem with using FSM's as a measure?
The background of those pupils not eligible varies, as within the group pupils have parents who are bankers and cleaners
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Who discusses FSM's as being a problematic measure?
Kounali
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What are two external factors which impact on educational outcome?
1. material deprivation 2. cultural deprivation
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What are 3 examples of material deprivation?
1. Poor housing 2. Poor diet 3. Lack of study resouces
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What are 4 examples of cultural deprivation?
1. Low aspirations 2. Lack of motivation 3. Culture clash 4. Cultural capital deficit
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What 4 school factors can affect educational achievement?
1. Curriculum 2. Subcultures 3. Streaming/setting 4. Labeling/self-fulfilling prophecy
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What do cultural deprivation theories argue?
WC students lack the appropriate attitudes, norms and values that are necessary to succeed in education.
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What is a culture clash?
Family values clash with those of the school/university, where they are expected to respect learning, their peers and teachers.
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What does Sugarman (1970) claim?
That working class have a culture which compromises 4 characteristics that prevent students from doing well in education
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What are Sugarman's 4 characteristics of the WC
1. Collectivism (socialising is priority) 2. Present time orientation (focused on the present, don't care about consequences) 3. Fatalism (don't see a future, so why bother) 4. Immediate gratification (enjoy yourself first before doing the work)
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What does Hyman (1967) argue the WC value system creates?
A self imposed barrier to an improved position, this means they don't allow themselves the opportunity to improve.
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What is Hyman's (1967) value system?
The WC place lower value on education, therefore see less value in continuing school beyond the leaving age. They place lower value on achieving higher/occupational status. WC believe there is less opportunity for personal advancement
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What did Douglas find (1970)? RESEARCH IN FOCUS
Longitudinal study, found difference in educational attainment between social classes. Parental interest most important factor. MC children receive more attention, encouraged to do extra curricular, have higher edu. outcome
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What 3 things are discussed in material deprivation?
1. Lifestyle (eg. diet/home) 2. Economic capital (Bourdieu 1977) 3. Resources (eg. internet, possessions)
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Card 2

Front

Why are students who receive FSM's grouped together?

Back

They have similar characteristics across schools because they all come from families claiming some sort of benefit.

Card 3

Front

What's the problem with using FSM's as a measure?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Who discusses FSM's as being a problematic measure?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are two external factors which impact on educational outcome?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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