Sociology - Marxist views on education

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How is Marxist similar to Functionalist approach?
Both Macro sociological approahces
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How do they suggest that education prepares children for the world of work?
Education transmitts ruling class ieology to explain inequaities instead of through role allocation and students learn to accept authority of others as normal
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What do Bowels and Gintis say?
Schools operate through both the formal curriculum and hidden curriculum to reproduce existing class inequalities in the new generation
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What is Bowels and Gintis Correspondence principle?
Identified a close correspondence between social relationships in the classroom and in the workplace which is vital for social reproduction
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What is social reproduction?
The reproduction of new generation of workers appropiately schooled to accept their role inc apitalist society
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What do schools reward and discourage? (according to bowels and ginitis)
They reward hard work and obedience. They discourage creativity, independence and critical awareness which is directly in line with how workers are treated in capitalist society
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What is one reason that B + G say that the education system benefits the existing social and economic system?
Schooling for the capitalist economy - schools provide a appropiate work force for the capitalist system which is both docile and cheap in the way that schools reward docility and obedience rather than independent thinking referred to as mug and jug
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What is the second way B + G say that the education system benefits the existing social and economic system/
The myth making system and social control. They oppose the idea of meritocracy and schooling perputrates unfairness by offering radically different chances to all
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What did Althusser say?
A range of formal and informal agencies of social control are necessary to maintain capitalism. If people were forced to co-operate with capitalism, they would eventually reject the system
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What did Althusser describe these two mechanisms as?
The repressive state appartaus (police, army..) The ideological state apparatus (education where students are rewarded for hard work, media, family..)
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How does Althusser say that capitalism is maintained?
By carefully manipulating people into an unfair system as well as using force to control them
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Card 2

Front

How do they suggest that education prepares children for the world of work?

Back

Education transmitts ruling class ieology to explain inequaities instead of through role allocation and students learn to accept authority of others as normal

Card 3

Front

What do Bowels and Gintis say?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Bowels and Gintis Correspondence principle?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is social reproduction?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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