Sociology Key Words 1

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  • Created by: Jinesha
  • Created on: 05-03-16 17:26
Cultural deprivation
Idea that some young people fail in education because of supposed cultural deficiencies in their home and family background e.g inadequate socialisation, failings in pre-school learning, inadequate language skills, inappropriate attitudes and values
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Material deprivation
The lack of money and/or material goods needed to succeed educationally e.g. lack of access to books, equipment
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Linguistic deprivation
Pupils who have limited language skills which means that they are at a disadvantage in the education system (elaborated and restricted code)
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Ideal pupil
Used by interactionists to describe the stereotypical pupil who meet tutor expectations in terms of academic and non-academic factors
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Labelling
Defining a person or group in a certain way – as a particular ‘type’ of person or group
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Self-fulfilling prophecy
People acting in response to behaviour which has been predicted of them, thereby making the prediction come true. Often applied to the effects of streaming and labelling in schools
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Educational triage
The way schools divide pupils into 3 groups – those who are likely to succeed in exams (GCSEs A*-C), those who have a chance of succeeding if they get extra help (GCSEs C/D), and those who have little chance of succeeding whatever is done
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Halo effect
When pupils become stereotyped, on the basis of earlier impressions by the teacher, and are rewarded and favoured in future teacher – student encounters
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Cultural Capital
The knowledge, language, manners and forms of behaviour, attitudes and values, taste and lifestyle which give middle-class and upper-class students who possess them an in-built advantage in a middle-class-controlled education system
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Anti-school subculture
Values, attitudes and behaviour which are developed by disruptive pupils in opposition to the main aims of a school
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Deferred gratification
The idea that some groups are able to put off pleasure in the short term and make sacrifices in time and resources in order to benefit their education and prospects in the long term
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Immediate gratification
The idea that some groups, usually working class pupils, do not plan their education and careers because they prefer to enjoy themselves (gratify) in the present
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Elaborated code
The sort of formal language used by strangers and individuals in formal contexts where explanation and detail are required, and uses a much wider vocabulary than the restricted code. Often associated with the middle class
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Restricted code
Informal, simple, everyday language sometimes ungrammatical and with limited explanations and vocabulary, which is used between friends or family members. This is often associated with the language code of the working class
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Social capital
The social networks of influence and support that people have
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Setting
Where students are divided into groups (sets) of the same ability in particular subjects
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Streaming
Where, in schools, students are divided into groups of similar ability (bands or streams) in which they stay for all subjects
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

The lack of money and/or material goods needed to succeed educationally e.g. lack of access to books, equipment

Back

Material deprivation

Card 3

Front

Pupils who have limited language skills which means that they are at a disadvantage in the education system (elaborated and restricted code)

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Used by interactionists to describe the stereotypical pupil who meet tutor expectations in terms of academic and non-academic factors

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Defining a person or group in a certain way – as a particular ‘type’ of person or group

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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