Sociology Key Words

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Achieved Status
Status you get by working at it
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Ascribed Status
Status you have from birth
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Marxist term for the capitalist ruling class
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Economic system based on private ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange of commodities
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A way of stratifying society on the basis of people's social and economic status
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Adherence to the norms and values of society
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Fundermental agreement within society, especially about the society's basic values. (Functionalist think its a result of socialisation.)
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Cultural Capital
The skills and cultural know-how that children learn form their parents.
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Cultural Deprivation
Working class culture makes people disadvantaged
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Something that goes against society's norms and values
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Centred around the values and the interests of one particular ethnic group
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The way of life of a society or group, made up of things such as language, customs, knowledge, norms and values.
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False Consciousness
(especially in Marxist theory) a way of thinking that prevents a person from perceiving the true nature of their social or economic situation.
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Frankfurt School
Neo-Marxist group of writers that formed in Germany who looked and Hitlers use of the media.
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A socially constructed idea of masculinity and femininity
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The breaking down of traditional boundaries as globally people become more interconnected
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Hawthorne effect
When participants are aware they are being observed which affects their behavior
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Hidden Curriculum
The social norms and values that are taught at school but are not part of the official curriculum
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An individuals sense of self
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Ideological State Apparatus
Institutions like the media, schools and the family which can spread the ideology of the state
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A set of ideas and beliefs about the way things should be
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Institutional Racism
When the polices, attitudes and actions of an institution discriminate against ethnic minorities
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Labelling Theory
Theory that says the labels given to someone affects their behaviour
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Encouraging competition between schools in order to create a market within education, where parents have more choice
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A system were the most talented and hard-working people rise to the top
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An overarching, all-encompassing story which gives meaning to events
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A social rule about what is correct and appropriate behavior within a particular culture
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A society where men are dominant
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A theoretical point of view which concentrates on social facts, scientific methods and quantitative data
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Primary Data
Completely new data that has been collected first-hand by the researcher
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Qualitative Methods of Research
Unstructured interviews, participant observation, wordy forms of data
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Surveys and structured interviews, statistics and numbers
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If other sociologists using the same methods on the same group will get the same data (normally quantitative)
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Secondary Data
Data gathered using existing sources of information
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Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
When people behave in the way that they know others expect them to behave
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Social Construct
An idea or belief that's created in society and dose'nt come from a scientific fact
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Passing on cultural values and norms from one generation to the next
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Stratified Sample
A sample with the same proportions of gender, class, age etc as the population you are studying
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A group who share the same values and norms which are different from mainstream culture, a culture within a culture
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Data that gives an accurate picture of whats being measured
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General beliefs held by society and by individuals about what is important or what is right and wrong
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Status you have from birth


Ascribed Status

Card 3


Marxist term for the capitalist ruling class


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Card 4


Economic system based on private ownership of the means of production, distribution and exchange of commodities


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Card 5


A way of stratifying society on the basis of people's social and economic status


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