Sociology- Crime and Deviance

Durkheim (Functionalism) Crime and Deviance
Founder of functionalism. Concerned with social change and the transition to mdoern industrial society. he saw this a change from a simple social structure to one with a complex,specialised division of labour.
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Merton (Functionalism) Crime and Deviance
Strain theory. People engage in deviant behaviour when they are unable to achieve socially approved goals by legtimate means. Deviant adaptaions to strain
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Pearson's (Functionalism) Sociological theory
Sees society as a system. See's similarities between organism system and society. Value consensus and social order. Inegration of individuals. Systems needs. Types of society. Social change
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A.K Cohen (Functionalism) Crime and Deviance
Status fustration. Criticises Merton for focusing on utilitarian crime and seeing deviance as an individual response. Alternative status hierarchy- gaining status in alternative ways e.g. rebelling
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Cloward and Ohlin (Functionalism) Crime and Deviance
Three subcultures. 1)Criminal subcultures 2)Conflict subcultures 3)Retreatist subcultures
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Strain theory. People engage in deviant behaviour when they are unable to achieve socially approved goals by legtimate means. Deviant adaptaions to strain

Back

Merton (Functionalism) Crime and Deviance

Card 3

Front

Sees society as a system. See's similarities between organism system and society. Value consensus and social order. Inegration of individuals. Systems needs. Types of society. Social change

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Status fustration. Criticises Merton for focusing on utilitarian crime and seeing deviance as an individual response. Alternative status hierarchy- gaining status in alternative ways e.g. rebelling

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Three subcultures. 1)Criminal subcultures 2)Conflict subcultures 3)Retreatist subcultures

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

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