Sociology

Izzat
Family honour
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Confluent Love
short term relationships that only last as long as each partner is satisfied.
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Reconstituted Family
marriage where a partner has been and has children from a previous relationship.
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Genderquake
Women having more rights and more equal role within the family and in the workplace.
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Secularisation
Religion has become less important and influential.
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Chester
Everyone wants to get married and have children.
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Bhatti
Family honour
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Ballard
Asian families are more traditional
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Modood
Asian families are changing
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Berthoud
Strong independant black women
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Parsons
A functionalist who argues gender roles are based on natural characteristics; men are instrumental and women are expressive.
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Osier and Vincent
Found normative femininity in a secondary school; female students didnt want to get into trouble and change their reputation.
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Stanley and Wise
Gender is a social construct. Gender roles are shaped by the agents of socialisation. Nurture no nature.
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Blackman
Found assertive femininity in a secondary school.
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Frosh
Found boys identified characteristics such as 'hardness', having a fashionable 'look', holding anti-school values and being sporty, as characteristics to aspire to.
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Frosh
He also found boys who valued academic success were seen as more feminine and were bullied, were as those who were more anti-school were seen as more hegemonic.
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Gauntlett
Argues that magazines give advice about how to be attractive to people in relation to gender.
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Frances
Observed children playing in role-play situations and found males aged 7-11 took on high status positions and naturally saw themselves in positions of power and dominance.
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Frances
In contrast female children took on roles in which they could express their selfless and mature behaviour.
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Gershuny
Looked at conjugal roles and found childcare and housework are much more likely to be shared today.
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Sharpe
Did a study in the 1970's and then did the same study again in the 1990's and found girls now valued careers over marriage.
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Murugami
Argues individuals with a disibility can construct an identity that is separate to their disability, just one of their characteristics but not their defining feature.
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Wilkinson
Believes there has been a growing convergence of the values of men and women.
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Mac an Ghaill
Found that men are facing a crisis of masculinity, due to a lack manual jobs through which they can express their hegemonic masculinity. This is evidence men are still hegemonic and not willing to acceptthe new types of masculinities.
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Jackson
Found the dstinction between masculinities and femininities amoung young people at school is becoming blurred; girls would ften take on laddish behaviour.
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Gittins
Looked at rising divorce rates as evidence of women's changing attitudes.
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Butler
Found young Asian women in Coventry and Bradford were keen to move beyond the expectation of Asian women by persuing higher education and careers.
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Connell
Identifies hegmonic masculinity and 3 other 'new' masculinities.
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Shakespeare
Argues disabled people are socialised to see themselves as inferior and helpless. This takes place through a process of labelling that results in a self-fulfilling prophecy.
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Structural Theory
Structural theories look at the big pictures: Beyond the surface of what society looks like, there is an underlying structure that shapes or moulds society in a particular way. The individual is produced by so
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Conflict Theory
There are differences of interest in any society. Focus on the role of power and coercion. The dominant group imposes its own values on the rest.
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Ideology
An ideology is a set of ideas that serve to support and protect the interests of the powerful in society.
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Dominant Ideologies
Dominant ideologies often present certain aspects of the social world as inevitable, natural or universal. This implies that any alternative way of thinking, or alternative course of action, must be unnatural and unusual.
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The Looking Glass Theory
We imagine how others see us, we imagine the judgments others make about us, we create our self-image according to the comments of others
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

short term relationships that only last as long as each partner is satisfied.

Back

Confluent Love

Card 3

Front

marriage where a partner has been and has children from a previous relationship.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Women having more rights and more equal role within the family and in the workplace.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Religion has become less important and influential.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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