Social Learning theory

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What does Social Learning theory assume?
Aggression is learned and reinforced through observation and imitation of role models
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What can reinforcement be?
Direct and indirect
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What does Direct reinforcement mean?
A child behaves in an agressive way because he/she has previously been rewarded in some way for that behaviour
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What is indirect reinforcement?
A child sees a role model being rewarded for aggressive behaviour, and imitates that behaviour
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How is a child likely to imitate an agressive role model?
If they are the same sex, age, higher status in their mind or likeable
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What is the first stage of role model imitation?
attention to the models aggression
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What is the second stage of role model imitation?
retention of a memory of that aggression
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What is the third stage of immitation?
reproduction of the aggression
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What is the final stage of immitation?
Motivation to reproduce the aggression due to reinforcement
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SLT of aggression is illustrated by what?
Bandura's bobo doll study
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What happened in this study? d
Different groups of young children watched adult role models playing with building sets, but some saw the role model being aggressive towards the bobo doll
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What happened to the children who saw aggression?
Children were later allowed to play with a range of toys, including a bobo doll those who saw aggression showed more aggression towards the bobo doll
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What does SLT suggest about the observation of aggression?
parents, peers, on TV, in films and in computer games
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What is the example?
The london riots in 2011
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What did young people observe?
aggressive behaviour on TV and imitated it for the reward of free goods(in the case of looters)
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Why else would young people riot?
For the recognition of the their peers( both forms of positive reinforcement that act as motivation)
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What does SLT suggest?
A child will behave aggressively when they are rewarded for that aggression
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What can reinforcement be?

Back

Direct and indirect

Card 3

Front

What does Direct reinforcement mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is indirect reinforcement?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

How is a child likely to imitate an agressive role model?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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