Social learning theory

What is social learning theory?
A way of explaining behaviour that includes both direct and indirect reinforcement, combining learning theory with the role of cognitive factors.
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What is imitation?
Copying the behaviour of others
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What is identification?
When an observer associates themselves with a role model and wants to be like the role model. The extent to which an Indvidual relates to a model.
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What is modelling?
In order for social learning theory to take place, someone must carry out the behaviour or attitude to learn
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What did bandura propose?
Albert bandura proposed social learning theory as a development of the behaviourist approach, argued that classical and operant conditioning could not account for all human learning- there are important mental processes between stimulus and response
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What are the assumptions of social learning theory?
Bandura agreed with behaviourists that most of our behaviour is learned from experience. However, his SLT proposed a different way of learning through observation and imitation of others within a social context. SLT suggests that learning occurs directly
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What is vicarious reinforcement?
For indirect learning to take place the individual observes the behaviour of others. The individual may imitate this behaviour but in general imitation only occurs if the behaviour is seen to be rewarded rather than punished, observing consequence as well
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What is attention

what is retention
the extent to which we notice certain behaviours

How well the behaviour is remembered
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what is motivation

what is motor reproduction
the will to perform a behaviour, which is often determined by whether the behaviour was rewarded or punished.

the ability of the observer to perform the behaviour.
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What does SLT focus on?
The mental processes involved in learning acts as bridge between traditional learning theory and the cognitive approach. The mental factors mediate to determine whether a new response is acquired
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Explain identification?
people are more likely to imitate the behaviour of people whom they can identify with, these are called role models. A person becomes a model if they are seen to possess similar characteristics to the observer.
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How do we learn according to social learning theory
From observable behaviours which we copy and intimate
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What is imitation?


Copying the behaviour of others

Card 3


What is identification?


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Card 4


What is modelling?


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Card 5


What did bandura propose?


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