Skeletal system

  • Created by: Mayaskyee
  • Created on: 06-11-18 17:00
What is the function of the long bones?
Enable gross movements
1 of 27
What is the function of flat bones?
Often quite large, protect vital organs
2 of 27
What s the function of short bones?
Enable finer, controlled movement
3 of 27
What is the function of irregular bones?
Specifically shaped to protect.
4 of 27
What are the articulating bones at the shoulder?
Scapula, clavicle, humorous
5 of 27
What are the articulating bones at the elbow?
Humorous, radius, ulna
6 of 27
What are the articulating bones at the hip?
Pelvis, femur
7 of 27
What are the articulating bones at the knee?
Femur, patella, fibula, tibia
8 of 27
What are the articulating bones at the ankle?
Tibia, fibulas, talus
9 of 27
What are the six functions of the skeleton?
Movement, support, shape and structure, storage of minerals, protection, blood cell reproduction
10 of 27
What is a tendon?
Very strong, non-elastic cords that join muscle to bone
11 of 27
What is bursae?
A sac filled with liquid, floating inside the joint, to reduce friction between tendon and bone
12 of 27
What is a joint capsule?
Tissue that stops synovial fluid from escaping and encloses, supports and holds bones together
13 of 27
What are ligaments?
Bands of elastic fibre that attach bone to bone, keeping the joints stable by restricting movement
14 of 27
What is synovial fluid?
A clear and slippery liquid that lubricates the joint and stops the bones rubbing together
15 of 27
What is cartilage?
A tough byt flexible tissue that acts as a buffer between the bones, preventing bones rubbing together causing friction
16 of 27
What movements can a ball and socket joint perform?
Abduction, adduction, flexion, extension and rotation. Most moveable joint in the body
17 of 27
What movements can a hinge joint perform?
Flexion, extension, planter-flexion, dorsi-flexion
18 of 27
What bones are at the shoulder joint?
Clavicle, humerus, scapula
19 of 27
What are the bones at the elbow joint?
Humerus, ulna, radius
20 of 27
What is extension?
Increasing the angle at a joint
21 of 27
What is flexion?
Decreasing the angle at a joint
22 of 27
What is abduction?
Moving a limb away from the midline of the body
23 of 27
What is adduction?
Moving a limb towards the midline of the body
24 of 27
What is rotation?
A circular movement around a joint or a movement around an axis
25 of 27
What is planter-flexion?
A movement at the ankle joint that points the toes and increases the angle at the ankle joint
26 of 27
What is dorsi-flexion?
A movement at the ankle joint that flexes the foot upwards and decreases the angle at the ankle joint
27 of 27

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the function of flat bones?

Back

Often quite large, protect vital organs

Card 3

Front

What s the function of short bones?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the function of irregular bones?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the articulating bones at the shoulder?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Physical Education resources:

See all Physical Education resources »See all Skeletal system - bones and joints resources »