Sensory Alterations & Sleep

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  • Created by: Beckyrose
  • Created on: 19-02-14 09:06
What is Non REM sleep (NREM)?
4 stages, body repairs & regenerates, builds muscle & bone, releases human growth hormone
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What are some characteristics of Rapid Eye Movement (REM)?
90 mins after sleep, Fluctuating HR RR & BP, > gastric secreations, brain v. active (vivid > cerbral blood flow, memory storage & learning
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What is sleep apnoea?
Periods w.o breathing during sleep
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What is Obstructive Sleep apnoea?
Most common kind of sleep apnoea, caused by obstruction of upper airways such as enlarged tonsils
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What are 'Parasomnias'?
Undesired behaviours that occur during sleep
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What are 'Arousal' Disorders?
Sleep walking
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What are 'Sleep-wake Transition' Disorders?
Sleep talking, nocturnal leg cramps, nightmares, sleep paralysis, teeth grinding
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What is a CPAP?
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure
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What is 'Ptosis'?
Blurred vision
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What are some symptoms of sleep deprivation?
Ptosis, < reflexes, agitation, > sensitivity to pain, apathy, confusion, withdrawal, < judgement & reasoning
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What are the 6 Levels Of Consciousness? A Cat Lady Doesnt Sell Cats
1. Alertness, 2. Confusion, 3. Lethargy, 4. Delerium, 5. Stupor, 6. Coma
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What is the Glascow Coma Scale based on?
Eye opening, best verbal response and motor response
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What are the 2 primary functions of the GCS?
1. The assessment of impaired consciousness & coma for a wide range of conditions ie stroke, 2. The score provides a baseline for future scores
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What are 4 pre assessment considerations before carrying out a GCS?
1. Is English their primary language? 2. Is the pt under the influence of meds or alcohol? 3. Do they have verbal or hearing problems like dysphagia? 4. Limit background noise & distraction
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What is the max and min score on GCS?
Max: 15, min: 3 - the higher, the better
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What is the order of GCS assessment?
1. Spontaneously, 2. To speech, 3. To pain
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What questions can be asked to ascertain if pt is orientated?
What year is it? What month is it? What time is it? Where are you? What is your name? What is your date of birth?
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What may an increase in temperature indicate?
Infection, or possible damage to the hypothalamus
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are some characteristics of Rapid Eye Movement (REM)?

Back

90 mins after sleep, Fluctuating HR RR & BP, > gastric secreations, brain v. active (vivid > cerbral blood flow, memory storage & learning

Card 3

Front

What is sleep apnoea?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is Obstructive Sleep apnoea?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are 'Parasomnias'?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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