Sample Methods

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  • Created by: Abida
  • Created on: 04-06-13 16:06
Lab Experiments - Advantage/Disadvantage
Advantage - High control of extraneous variable and cause and effect can easily be established. Disadvantage - Conducted in an artifical enviroment so low in ecological validity and results cannot be generalised to real life.
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Field Experiment - Advantage/Disadvantage
Advantage - Conducted in a real life setting so results have high ecological validity and findings can be generalised to real life. Disadvantage- No control over extraneous variables and so cause and effect cannot be as easily established.
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Natural Experiment - Advantage/Disasvantage
Advantage - Conducted in a real life setting so results have high ecological validity and findings can be generalised to real life. Disadvantage, no control over extraneous variable and so cause and effect cannot be as easily established.
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Correlation - Advantge/Disadvantage
Advantage - Can assess the strengh and direction of a relationship between two variables. Disadvantage - Cannot establish cause and effect, as only two variables are considered, any relationship could be due to an extraneous variables.
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Quesionnaire - Advantage/Disadvantage
Advantage - Quick and easy to distribute to large numbers of people therefore collecting a large amount of data is a relatively short period of time. Disadvantage - Participants may lie and give socially desirable answers which decreasing validity.
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Interview - Advantages/Disadvantages
Advantage - In-depth and detailed qualitative data can acquired with the interviewer giving assistance where required. Disadvantage - Open to interviewer bias whereby the interviewer will interpret what the interview says in their own way.
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Natural Observation - Advantage/Disadvanatge
Advantage - Conducted in a real life setting so results have ecological validity and findings can be generalised to real life. Disadvantages - No control over variable and so cause and effects can't be established.
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Controlled observation - Advantage/Disadvantage
Advantage - High control of extraneous variables and cause and effect can be easily established. Disadvantage - Conducted in an artificial environment so low in ecological validity and results cannot be generalised to real life.
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Case study - Advantage/Disadvantage
Advantage - Can gather in-depth data and detailed qualitative data from many different sources on a specific individual/case. Disadvantage - Are unique to only specific case and so findings not generalised to everyone.
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Content Analysis - Advantage/Disadvantage
Advantage - Data selected from a wide array of resouces and so will be highly detailed. Disadvantages - researcher bias can occur whereby the researcher will interpret the material based upon their own opinions.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Advantage - Conducted in a real life setting so results have high ecological validity and findings can be generalised to real life. Disadvantage- No control over extraneous variables and so cause and effect cannot be as easily established.

Back

Field Experiment - Advantage/Disadvantage

Card 3

Front

Advantage - Conducted in a real life setting so results have high ecological validity and findings can be generalised to real life. Disadvantage, no control over extraneous variable and so cause and effect cannot be as easily established.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Advantage - Can assess the strengh and direction of a relationship between two variables. Disadvantage - Cannot establish cause and effect, as only two variables are considered, any relationship could be due to an extraneous variables.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Advantage - Quick and easy to distribute to large numbers of people therefore collecting a large amount of data is a relatively short period of time. Disadvantage - Participants may lie and give socially desirable answers which decreasing validity.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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