Russia Nicholas onwards

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Russo Japanese War
1904-1905
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Surrendering of port Arthur
Dec 20th 1904, Russian people felt humiliated. It disrupted the economy, forcing up food prices + factory closures
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Bloody Sunday
There was a Strike at Putilov Works on Jan 3rd, father Gapon was advised to call off the strike, but went ahead January 9th 1905
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casualties in bloody sunday
200 killed 800 wounded, 12,000 soldiers were drafted as precautions
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Nicholas's fundamental laws
five days before the first duma april 23rd 1906
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the first Duma 'Duma of national hope'
May-July 1906
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second duma 'Duma of national anger'
Febuary-June 1907
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The Third Duma 'Duma of Lords and Lackeys'
November 1907- June 1912
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The fourth Duma
November 1912-17
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When was Pytor Stolypin Prime minister
July 1906-1911
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Pytor Stolypin's Agrarian reforms
between 1906 and 1911
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Lena Goldfields massacre
1912- inedible horsemeat for the gold miners, Bolsheviks helped, 500 killed
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how long did it take for the loss of the baltic fleet during the russo japanese war?
24 hours (very short time)
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a factor to aid revolution in 1905
mutiny on potemkin
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October manifesto
1905-06 on october 17th
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Stolypins policies
-peasants were allowed to leave the mir -those who left were encouraged to consolidate their scattered strips of land into one single farm -redemption payments abolished
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febuary revolution
January, 150,000 workers demonstrated in petrograd on anniversary of bloody sunday. international womens day turned into riot
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Febuary revolution problems
wasnt an organised revolution, many revolts were spontaneous, many different political groups
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febuary revolution devellopments 1
A group of members lead by rodzianko set up the provisional comittee of the duma and demanded the tsars abdication
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febuary revolution devellopments 2
the generals of the army high command changed their minds (as they were very loyal to the tsar) and gave support to the Duma
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febuary revolution devellopments 3
a body of socialists, calling itself the soviet of workers deputies or petrograd soviet also took up residence in the Tauride palace, they invited factories to elect representatives
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reasons Nicholas went wrong
became head army general, left rasputin in charge, no match for germany in WW1, such as the battle of Tennenburg in East Prussia, 300,000 dead or wounded in august 1914, shows early defeat
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other reasons Nicholas went wrong
increased proletariat, working in poor conditions, in overcrowded cities- revolts, Stolypins agrarian reforms had legal disputes over land , and the redistribution of land in the nobility, and mass hunger continued. did it to control revolution,
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when did stoylpin die?
1911, murdered at the opera.
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provisional government
2nd March
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Chief members of Provisional government
alexander kerensky- minister of justice, member of social rev party and vice president of petrograd soviet, made him invaluable
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why was russia thought the 'freeist country in the world'in 1917 after nicholas
-The okrana and press censorship was abolished, all men and women over 20 allowed to vote, discrimination of race was illegal. exila was abolished
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(still during Nicholas's reign) the war was costly
Lots of Loans from britan and France, printed more money , lead to huge inflation. huge taxation this time on nobles, 1913-17 prices rised by 400% peasentry keeping more food due to inflation,
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what did this mean? ( costs of war)
russian people were enduring hardship, they should of worked with the Dumas, but the Tsar did not want to share power
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Lenins April theses
demanded: no cooperation with provisional gov - no cooperation with other parties - call for a rapid end to the war -soviets take power -landowners hand estates to peasants
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Kerensky becomes priminister
3rd July 1917 lvov was fed up with the fighting
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kerenskys mistake 1
June offensive lasted three days and thousands more soliders lost their lives, prov should of known the army would lead to defeat
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kerenskys mistake 2 - kornilov
appointed commander in chief of army, wanted re intoduction of death penalty and troublesome workers should be sent to the front, kerensky fires Kornilov, bolsheviks gained support
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Lenin moved foreward
bolsheviks were elected in increased numbers and in the DUma election support increased massivley, bolshevik membership increased from 20,000 to 200,000
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when did lenin secretly return from Finland?
october 7th
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issues with the bolsheviks attacking kerensky
lenin harangued the central comitte and won with a vote 10 to 12 kerensky tried to close down bolshevik newpapers and military revolution, bolsheviks suggested it was a betrayal to soviet
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when did the attack of kerensky happen?
october 24th
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winning of the winter palace
26th october, the 2nd 'all russian congress of soviets' chaimen kamenev announced the petrograd soviet had seized power
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Dec 20th 1904, Russian people felt humiliated. It disrupted the economy, forcing up food prices + factory closures

Back

Surrendering of port Arthur

Card 3

Front

There was a Strike at Putilov Works on Jan 3rd, father Gapon was advised to call off the strike, but went ahead January 9th 1905

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

200 killed 800 wounded, 12,000 soldiers were drafted as precautions

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

five days before the first duma april 23rd 1906

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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