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The system of autocracy The personality of Nicholas II
Long Term Factors
The stresses and strains in The growth of organised
Russian society opposition…read more

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The System of Autocracy
· The reliance on rule by one person , as that person
sees fit, was beginning to look outdated by the early
20th century.
· The growth of industry and with it
new industrial classes exaggerated
the division between those with
power and those without.
· A system based on government
by the Tsar and his supporters
from the landed aristocracy was
under increasing pressure.
· The demand for a measure of
parliamentary democracy was
growing, especially from the
middle classes and the liberal intelligentsia.…read more

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The personality of Nicholas II
· As the last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II was ill- suited
to the role he had to play and the responsibilities of
the role he had to take on.
· Weak, hesitant and reactionary, Nichols found
himself in a difficult and challenging position.
· His ability to rule effectively was undermined by
those around him who he relied upon for advice, his
wife Alexandra and Rasputin
· Nicholas going to the front line caused
a power vacuum at home and blame
for defeats at war on his shoulder.
Additional notes from Hite p54 and 62…read more

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The stresses and strains in Russian
· The process of industrialisation had resulted in the
growth of new classes ­ the middle class factory
owners and the industrial working class- and new
social conditions.
· The rapid speed of industrialisation produced
enormous tensions as appalling working and living
conditions in the growing towns and cities bred
· Conditions in the countryside were little better and
divisions between richer peasants and poorer
peasants still remained a source of tension.
Further notes to be taken on Industrialisation and the land
question from Hite p 62
Plus Russification and discontent amongst minorities. p63…read more

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The growth of organised opposition
· The new economic and social conditions caused by
rapid industrialisation were to aid the growth of groups
opposed to the Tsar.
· Although opposition to the regime was nothing new, the
development of large industrial centres gave an added
edge to revolutionary groups who targeted their ideas at
the industrial workers.
· The Bolsheviks were just one of several groups who
wished to see the eventual overthrow of the regime.
· However, support for them were limited and their
members were more concerned with economic issues
such as wages than radical political change.
· It must be remembered that it was the
peasantry and not the industrial workers
that made up the vast bulk of the population,
and revolutionary groups found the
peasants a harder group to organise.…read more

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