RS Complete set of definitions

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  • Created by: Erika N
  • Created on: 01-04-16 14:34
Define abortion.
The deliberate termination of a pregnancy, usually before the foetus is 24 weeks old.
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Define absolute morality.
What is morally right applies to all circumstances at all times.
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Define active euthanasia.
The ending of a life by a deliberate action, such as issuing a fatal injection.
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Define adultery.
Sex outside marriage - (having sex with someone who is married or who isn't your marriage partner).
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Define age of consent.
The legal age in the UK where consent can be given to have sex.
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Define artificial insemination (AI).
Sperm medically inserted into the vagina to assist pregnancy.
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Define artificial insemination by donor (AID).
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other than her partner but not through having sexual relations with him.
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Define artificial insemination by husband (AIH).
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of her husband but not through having sexual relations with him.
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Define CAFOD (Catholic Fund for Overseas Development).
A private charity established by the Bishops of England and Wales to bring aid to LEDCs.
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Define capital punishment.
A form of punishment in which a prisoner is put to death for crimes committed.
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Define chastity.
Sexual purity - not having sex before marriage.
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Define charity.
An organisation set up to voluntarily help those in need.
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Define civil marriage.
A non-religious marriage ceremony in a registry office or other licensed venue e.g. a hotel.
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Define civil partnership.
Legal registration and recognition of a same-sex partnership.
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Define cohabitation.
A couple living together and having a sexual relationship without being married to one another.
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Define contraception.
The artificial and chemical methods used to prevent a pregnancy.
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Define crime.
Breaking the law.
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Define deterrence.
Putting people off committing crimes - one of the four aims of punishment.
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Define designer babies.
Babies with gender and characteristics chosen by their parents - currently illegal.
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Define Earth summits.
Meetings of international leaders aimed at reaching agreements that will reduce environmental pollution and climate change.
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Define emergency aid (short-term aid).
Help given to communities in a time of a disaster/crisis e.g. food during a famine.
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Define euthanasia.
Inducing a painless death, with compassion, to ease suffering.
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Define the term heterosexual.
To be attracted to someone of the opposite sex.
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Define the term homosexual.
To be attracted to someone of the same sex.
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Define hospices.
A place to go if you are terminally ill to die with dignity.
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Define hybrid embryo.
An embryo consisting of human and animal tissue.
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Define in-vitro fertilisation (IVF).
A scientific method of making a woman pregnant which doesn't involve sex. Conception occurs in a test tube.
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Define a just war.
A war that the Christian churches define as acceptable - developed by St. Thomas Aquinas.
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Define long-term aid.
Helping people to help themselves by providing the tools, education and funding for projects.
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Define marriage.
A legal union between a man and a woman.
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Define morality.
A system of ethics, about what is right or wrong.
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Define non-voluntary euthanasia.
When a patient's life is ended because to keep them alive means they'd suffer - but the patient is unable to give consent to the decision.
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Define nuclear proliferation.
The increase in the number of states that have the potential to use nuclear weapons.
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Define pacifism.
The belief that it is unacceptable to take part in war or any other form of violence.
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Define passive euthanasia.
Allowing a terminally ill patient to die by withdrawing medical treatment that would only prolong suffering and have no benefit.
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Define pro-choice.
Slogan used for the view that women should have the right to choose whether or not to have an abortion.
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Define pro-life.
Slogan used for the view that supports the right to life of the foetus.
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Define reformation.
To change someone's behaviour for the better - one of the four aims of punishment.
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Define relative morality.
What is morally right or wrong in any situation depends upon its particular circumstances.
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Define reproductive cloning.
The use of cloning techniques to produce a baby.
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Define retribution.
An aim of punishment aimed at being proportionate to the crime committed.
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Define sanctity of life.
Life is sacred because it is God-given.
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Define a saviour sibling.
A child conceived by IVF to save the life of an incurably ill sibling.
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Define self-determination.
Refers to the right to make decisions for oneself in life (used by those who support voluntary euthanasia).
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Define somatic cell therapy.
The use of genetic engineering to modify non-reproductive cells in order to treat genetic disease.
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Define stem cell cloning.
Cloning techniques used to treat certain diseases/conditions.
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Define stewardship.
The belief that believers have a duty to look after the environment on behalf of God.
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Define surrogacy.
A woman's egg is fertilised artificially and implanted into the 'host' woman - she carries the baby throughout pregnancy and gives it to the couple after birth.
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Define Tearfund.
A Christian relief and development charity.
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Define terrorism.
When groups use violence or the threat of it to achieve their aims instead of using the democratic process.
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Define therapeutic cloning.
Another term for stem cell cloning.
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Define voluntary euthanasia.
When a terminally ill person asks someone to help them die peacefully and with dignity.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


Define absolute morality.


What is morally right applies to all circumstances at all times.

Card 3


Define active euthanasia.


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Define adultery.


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Define age of consent.


Preview of the front of card 5
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