RS Complete set of definitions

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Erika N
  • Created on: 01-04-16 14:34
Define abortion.
The deliberate termination of a pregnancy, usually before the foetus is 24 weeks old.
1 of 52
Define absolute morality.
What is morally right applies to all circumstances at all times.
2 of 52
Define active euthanasia.
The ending of a life by a deliberate action, such as issuing a fatal injection.
3 of 52
Define adultery.
Sex outside marriage - (having sex with someone who is married or who isn't your marriage partner).
4 of 52
Define age of consent.
The legal age in the UK where consent can be given to have sex.
5 of 52
Define artificial insemination (AI).
Sperm medically inserted into the ****** to assist pregnancy.
6 of 52
Define artificial insemination by donor (AID).
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of a man other than her partner but not through having sexual relations with him.
7 of 52
Define artificial insemination by husband (AIH).
When a woman is made pregnant by the sperm of her husband but not through having sexual relations with him.
8 of 52
Define CAFOD (Catholic Fund for Overseas Development).
A private charity established by the Bishops of England and Wales to bring aid to LEDCs.
9 of 52
Define capital punishment.
A form of punishment in which a prisoner is put to death for crimes committed.
10 of 52
Define chastity.
Sexual purity - not having sex before marriage.
11 of 52
Define charity.
An organisation set up to voluntarily help those in need.
12 of 52
Define civil marriage.
A non-religious marriage ceremony in a registry office or other licensed venue e.g. a hotel.
13 of 52
Define civil partnership.
Legal registration and recognition of a same-sex partnership.
14 of 52
Define cohabitation.
A couple living together and having a sexual relationship without being married to one another.
15 of 52
Define contraception.
The artificial and chemical methods used to prevent a pregnancy.
16 of 52
Define crime.
Breaking the law.
17 of 52
Define deterrence.
Putting people off committing crimes - one of the four aims of punishment.
18 of 52
Define designer babies.
Babies with gender and characteristics chosen by their parents - currently illegal.
19 of 52
Define Earth summits.
Meetings of international leaders aimed at reaching agreements that will reduce environmental pollution and climate change.
20 of 52
Define emergency aid (short-term aid).
Help given to communities in a time of a disaster/crisis e.g. food during a famine.
21 of 52
Define euthanasia.
Inducing a painless death, with compassion, to ease suffering.
22 of 52
Define the term heterosexual.
To be attracted to someone of the opposite sex.
23 of 52
Define the term homosexual.
To be attracted to someone of the same sex.
24 of 52
Define hospices.
A place to go if you are terminally ill to die with dignity.
25 of 52
Define hybrid embryo.
An embryo consisting of human and animal tissue.
26 of 52
Define in-vitro fertilisation (IVF).
A scientific method of making a woman pregnant which doesn't involve sex. Conception occurs in a test tube.
27 of 52
Define a just war.
A war that the Christian churches define as acceptable - developed by St. Thomas Aquinas.
28 of 52
Define long-term aid.
Helping people to help themselves by providing the tools, education and funding for projects.
29 of 52
Define marriage.
A legal union between a man and a woman.
30 of 52
Define morality.
A system of ethics, about what is right or wrong.
31 of 52
Define non-voluntary euthanasia.
When a patient's life is ended because to keep them alive means they'd suffer - but the patient is unable to give consent to the decision.
32 of 52
Define nuclear proliferation.
The increase in the number of states that have the potential to use nuclear weapons.
33 of 52
Define pacifism.
The belief that it is unacceptable to take part in war or any other form of violence.
34 of 52
Define passive euthanasia.
Allowing a terminally ill patient to die by withdrawing medical treatment that would only prolong suffering and have no benefit.
35 of 52
Define pro-choice.
Slogan used for the view that women should have the right to choose whether or not to have an abortion.
36 of 52
Define pro-life.
Slogan used for the view that supports the right to life of the foetus.
37 of 52
Define reformation.
To change someone's behaviour for the better - one of the four aims of punishment.
38 of 52
Define relative morality.
What is morally right or wrong in any situation depends upon its particular circumstances.
39 of 52
Define reproductive cloning.
The use of cloning techniques to produce a baby.
40 of 52
Define retribution.
An aim of punishment aimed at being proportionate to the crime committed.
41 of 52
Define sanctity of life.
Life is sacred because it is God-given.
42 of 52
Define a saviour sibling.
A child conceived by IVF to save the life of an incurably ill sibling.
43 of 52
Define self-determination.
Refers to the right to make decisions for oneself in life (used by those who support voluntary euthanasia).
44 of 52
Define somatic cell therapy.
The use of genetic engineering to modify non-reproductive cells in order to treat genetic disease.
45 of 52
Define stem cell cloning.
Cloning techniques used to treat certain diseases/conditions.
46 of 52
Define stewardship.
The belief that believers have a duty to look after the environment on behalf of God.
47 of 52
Define surrogacy.
A woman's egg is fertilised artificially and implanted into the 'host' woman - she carries the baby throughout pregnancy and gives it to the couple after birth.
48 of 52
Define Tearfund.
A Christian relief and development charity.
49 of 52
Define terrorism.
When groups use violence or the threat of it to achieve their aims instead of using the democratic process.
50 of 52
Define therapeutic cloning.
Another term for stem cell cloning.
51 of 52
Define voluntary euthanasia.
When a terminally ill person asks someone to help them die peacefully and with dignity.
52 of 52

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Define absolute morality.


What is morally right applies to all circumstances at all times.

Card 3


Define active euthanasia.


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Define adultery.


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Define age of consent.


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Religious Studies resources:

See all Religious Studies resources »See all Christianity resources »