Rocky reefs definitions

Rocky reef
hard, structurally complex substrate, consisting of various types of non-living material found along continent shelves of temperate and subtropical areas
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Kelp forest
where canopy forming kelps reach the sea surface
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Kelp bed
where shorter kelp does not reach the sea surface
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Frond
leaf or leaf-like part of a palm, fern, or similar plant
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Canopy
fronts on surface or in midwater
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Understory
fronts erect or close to the bottom (contains the highest diversity of life)
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Algal turf
short clumps, filaments, and encrusting algae
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Laminaria
UK kelp which forms surface-lying forests
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Carbon sequestration
the process by which carbon is removed from the atmosphere and stored in solid or liquid form
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Foundation species
a species that has a strong role in structuring the ecological community (/keystone species)
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Pneumatocytes
"float" - allows blades to float near the surface for photosynthesis
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Stipe
long, flexible link between blades and holdfast
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El nino
intrusion of warm waters from the west, weakening upwelling/nutrient supply
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Drift kelp
free-floating kelp detritus
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Urchin barren
when kelp forests are deforested by urchin grazing and crustose coralline algae replaces all other seaweeds
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Phase shift
when an ecosystem changes from one stable state to another due to perturbations (e.g. from a kelp forest to an urchin barren)
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Trophic cascade
second level organism releases the lowest level to proliferate (stronger in simple/marine systems than in complex/terrestrial systems)
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Trophic facillitation
occurs when a consumer is indirectly facilitated by a positive interaction between its prey and another species
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Bioerosion
the removal of calcium carbonate species by biological agents
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Continuous phase shift
forward path is the same as the backwards path
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Discontinuous phase shift
forward path is not the same as the backwards path
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Threshold
a change in the system that leads to a shift from one phase to another (e.g. urchin density for the creation of an urchin barren phase)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Kelp forest

Back

where canopy forming kelps reach the sea surface

Card 3

Front

Kelp bed

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Frond

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Canopy

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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