Revision Cards

  • Created by: 9871461
  • Created on: 26-01-18 09:47
What is object permanence?
Understanding that an object still exists when they cannot be seen (or are hidden.) This includes games such as 'peek a boo', when a child cannot find the object (cant physically see/feel it, they begin to get confused and upset.
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What does Piaget say occurs at the sensorimotor stage? (Birth - 2 years old)
The infant learns by looking and touching. They know the world through their movements and SENSORy experiences. Focus on what they see.
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What occurs at preoperational stage? (2-7 years)
A child uses language including letters and numbers at this stage. Begin to develop memory and imagination. During this stage the child is egocentric - does not see other peoples points of views. E.g. a child wouldn't share a toy because its theirs.
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What is expected at the concrete operational stage? (7 - 12 years)
A child begins to think logically, becomes mature enough to follow rules. Child also understands conservation (environment and social movement) which according to Piaget does not exist from ages 0-7.
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What occurs at the formal operational stage? (12+ years)
Children are able to solve their problems with their own logic. Think in hypothetical terms.If something is hypothetical, it is based on possible ideas or situations rather than actual ones.
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Sum up conservation theories.
'Conservation' is thinking logically. Occurs when a child realises that a property of an item e.g. mass, remains the same even though the form of the item may have changed.
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What are the names of stages in Piaget's intellectual/cognitive development (0-12 years)
Sensorimotor (birth to 2 years), Preoperational (2 to 7 years), Concrete operational (7 to 12 years), Formal operational (12 years and over).
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Does Piaget believe we are born with knowledge already or as we develop does our knowledge increase?
He believes as we develop our knowledge increases.
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What does Chomsky believe?
Chomsky basically states that we are all born with an innate knowledge of grammar. (In other words when we are born language is hardwired into our brains).
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What is The Language Acquisition Device? (LAD)?
the LAD concept is an instinctive mental capacity which enables an infant to acquire and produce language.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does Piaget say occurs at the sensorimotor stage? (Birth - 2 years old)

Back

The infant learns by looking and touching. They know the world through their movements and SENSORy experiences. Focus on what they see.

Card 3

Front

What occurs at preoperational stage? (2-7 years)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is expected at the concrete operational stage? (7 - 12 years)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What occurs at the formal operational stage? (12+ years)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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