Unit B453-Respiratory System

Name the functions of the following as a part of the respiratory system.
8 Cards
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Used to inhale and exhale air
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Used to inhale and exhale air
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Carrys air to the lungs. Its a flexible tube stiffened by rings of cartilage.
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The trachea splits into 2 bronchi carrying air to lungs
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The bronchi split into into smaller tubes called bronchioles that distribute air to the alveoli.
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Air eventually reaches millions of tiny air sacks in the lungs called alveoli the walls are so thin that gases can pass through
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Intercostal Muscles
The muscles between the ribs help your chest to expand when you breath
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This is a sheet of muscle. it contracts and moves down to expand the chest cavity when you breath in
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What does measuring the respiratory system involve?
Therate of breathing, The capacity of the lungs, The volume of air in each breath, The volume you breath over time.
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What is Tidal volume?
The amount you breath in and out in one normal breath
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What is your respiratory rate?
How many breaths you take per minute
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What is minute volume?
The volume of air you breath in one minute
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How do you calculate a persons minute volume?
Tidal volume X Respiratory rate = Minute volume
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What is the word equation for aerobic respiration?
Glucose+Oxygen=Energy+Carbon Dioxide+Water
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What is the word equation for anaerobic respiration?
Glucose=Energy+Lactic Acid
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What is the length of energy for Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Aerobic-long(marathon) anaerobic-short (sprint)
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Which type of respiration uses oxygen?
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What fuels are used for Aerobic and anaerobic respiration?
Aerobic-Oxygen and Glucose ,Anaerobic-Glucose
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By products of Aerobic and anaerobic respiration
Aerobic-carbon dioxide + water, Anaerobic-Lactic Acid
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Short term effects of training on the respiratory system
Tidal volume increases, Lungs have to work harder and faster to supply more oxygen and remove carbon dioxide,minute volume increases and respiratory rate gets quicker
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long term effects of training on the respiratory system
respiratory muscles, diaphram and intercostals get stronger so they make the chest cavity larger,a larger chest cavity means more air is inspired so increases your vital capacity, more capillaries form around alveoli so more gaseous exchange occurs
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Used to inhale and exhale air

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