Religious ideologies

Neo functionalism - civil religion integrates communities
Bellah argues that religion continues to have an ideological influence through a civil religion which shapes public opinion and ideas. A faith in Americanism provides people with shared values and national celebrations which unite the american people
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criticism of Neo functionalism
Beckford argues that the UK doesn't have a civil religion because national celebrations such as the Royal wedding cannot overcome the deep social divisions, religious diversity and indifference in the uk. Therefore UK doesnt have ideological influenc
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Traditional marxists - Religion maintains ruling class ideology
Religion justifies the dominance and power of the ruling class eg the idea that existing hierarchy is God given and that you cannot challenge your position. Prevents revolution.
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Criticisms of Traditional marxists
Neo marxists diagree arguing that religion doesnt always maintain ruling class ideology eg can be used by the wc to gain class conciousness eg Liberation theology in South America where the priests worked with the wc to fight back against ruling clas
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criticism of Neo functionalism

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Beckford argues that the UK doesn't have a civil religion because national celebrations such as the Royal wedding cannot overcome the deep social divisions, religious diversity and indifference in the uk. Therefore UK doesnt have ideological influenc

Card 3

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Traditional marxists - Religion maintains ruling class ideology

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Card 4

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Criticisms of Traditional marxists

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Card 5

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