Reliability, validity and cultural issues with the DSM

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Goldstein
Rediagnosed 199 patients using DSM-III who had originally been diagnosed using DSM-II. Used single blind technique. Good agreement. Very high inter-rater reliability was found.
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Brown et al
Mood and anxiety disorders, 2 independent interviews. Good to excellent reliability. Disagreements were not over what the symptoms were, but the severity and length of them.
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Kirk and Kutchins
Critique of reliability studies saying that there are problems with the methodology. They weren't always carried out in specialised settings.
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Kim-Cohen et al
Looked at the validity in diagnosing Korean children with ADHD using DSM-IV-TR. Criteria was compared to questionnaire from teachers. Children were shown to have OCD. DSM has high validity.
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Lee
Looked at the validity of the DSM by studying children with conduct disorders. Mothers were interviewed and teachers were given a questionnaire as well as self-report data from the children.
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Cinnerella and Loewenthal
Black christians found that there was a social stigma associated with depression and both believed prayer could alleviate the symptoms.
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Sue and Sue
Found that in Asian Americans, many didn't like to talk about their problems and so are less likely to be diagnosed.
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Stinchfield
Looked at the reliability of the DSM in pathological gamblers. Found to have good reliability in the symptoms.
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Cochrane
Those of African-American origin were 7x more likely to be diagnosed with Sz.
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Burnham et al
Found to be more auditory hallucinations in Mexican born American patients than non-Mexican born Americans.
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Card 2

Front

Mood and anxiety disorders, 2 independent interviews. Good to excellent reliability. Disagreements were not over what the symptoms were, but the severity and length of them.

Back

Brown et al

Card 3

Front

Critique of reliability studies saying that there are problems with the methodology. They weren't always carried out in specialised settings.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Looked at the validity in diagnosing Korean children with ADHD using DSM-IV-TR. Criteria was compared to questionnaire from teachers. Children were shown to have OCD. DSM has high validity.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Looked at the validity of the DSM by studying children with conduct disorders. Mothers were interviewed and teachers were given a questionnaire as well as self-report data from the children.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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