Public Health

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  • Created by: EnyaS
  • Created on: 28-05-15 10:46
Why did prehistoric people not require toilets or sewers?
they were nomadic
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What did Egyptians develop and why?
sewers and toilets as they stayed in 1 place and wanted to keep their settlements clean
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What did the greek programme for health consist of?
Winter: eat lots, drink little. Summer: drink lots, eat little. Sport, 4 humours, wash daily and rub teeth with peppermint- rich
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Give examples of why romans needed good public health...
healthy soldiers, take care of the rich, healthy army and empire
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How did the romans achieve this?
lots of builders, strong workforce, organised workforce and government
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Give examples of features of roman public health...
public baths, aqueducts, sewers, tepidarium, frigidarium, showers
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What were the main problems of medieval public health?
waste dumped in rivers, butchers slaughtered animals in streets, animals wandering streets, polluted rivers where people washed and drank from, no resources to fix aqueducts and sewers
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What was the major public disease epidemic in medieval times?
the black death in 1349
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How did the government improve medieval public health?
1388 sanitation act: forbidden to pollute rivers, trades responsible for river pollution (tanners) moved to the outskirts of town
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What did the renaissance governments try to do? Did it work?
tried to clean up the streets, this didn't work or stay in place long term
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Renaissance public health was a) the same as medieval times b) more sophisticated than medieval times c) completely different to medieval times?
b) more sophisticated than medieval times, but mostly the same ideas (e.g. both thought the plague was spread from person to person
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Describe living conditions in the C19th...
back to back housing = disease spread quicker, toilet waste thrown out windows, unclean, Thames = polluted
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Who made links between death rates and poor living conditions, leading to them shaming the government?
William Farr in 1837
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What did Edwin Chadwick do in 1842?
wrote a report on sanitary conditions of the labouring population. Concluded a reform was needed = basis for the 1848 P.H act
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Who was John Snow?
he discovered that there were more deaths near dirty water than clean water. Forced the government to take action in 1854
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How did Pasteur's germ theory help with C19th public health?
1861- proved Farr, Chadwick & Snow had all been correct in their arguments
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How did political change aid public health in C19th?
1867- working men given the right to vote = promised laws to working men, not just the wealthy and middle classes
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State a conclusion of C19th public health...
early = bad, late = good
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How did war aid C20th public health?
country families shocked at urban children's health and hygiene, free healthcare to maintain war effort
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Who argued it was the government's job to take care of people living in poverty?
Charles Booth
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David Lloyd George was...
an MP who introduced reforms, such as the 1911 national insurance act
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William Beveridge wrote a report on...
how people could improve their lives, also helped organise the 1911 national insurance act
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Who increased his own worker's pay to prevent them living in poverty?
Seebohm Rowntree
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What did Bevan and the labour party do?
were in favour of the NHS, doctors could work privately as well as for the NHS
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Describe opposition of the NHS?
doctors lost freedom, rich people didn't understand why they had to pay taxes to benefit the poor
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When was the NHS created?
1948
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Name 2 other reforms and state when they happened...
school meals- 1906, back to back housing ban- 1909
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

sewers and toilets as they stayed in 1 place and wanted to keep their settlements clean

Back

What did Egyptians develop and why?

Card 3

Front

Winter: eat lots, drink little. Summer: drink lots, eat little. Sport, 4 humours, wash daily and rub teeth with peppermint- rich

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

healthy soldiers, take care of the rich, healthy army and empire

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

lots of builders, strong workforce, organised workforce and government

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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