Psychology: Memory

Encoding: changing information so that it can be stored. Storage: holding information in the memory system. Retrieval: recovering information from storage
put information in, keep it there until we need it, and then get it back. Putting information there is called encoding. to do this information is changed to a language or code that the brain will understand. Keeping it there until we need it is calle
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Multi-store: the idea that information passes through a series of memory stores Sensory store: holds information received from the senses for a short period of time Short-term store: holds approximately seven chunks of information for a limited per
nformation arrives at our senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, smell). This is briefly held in a part of our memory known as the sensory store
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Aim: To provide evidence to support the multi-store explanation of memory Method: Participants had to learn a list of words presented one at a time, for two seconds per word to remember and then asked them to recall them in any order Results: the w
Structural procesing: thinking about the physical appearance of words to be learnt. Phonetic procedding: thinking about the meaning of the words. This deffinition is wrong and is in the process of being edited. Semantic processing: thinki
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Encoding is the process of changing information so that it can be stored in the brain......... This can be done Acoustically, visually or semantically.
Interference: things that we have learnt that make it difficult to recall other information that we have learnt. Retroactive interference: when information we have recently learnt hinders our ability to recall information we have learnt previously.
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Reliability: in the context of eyewitness testimony, the extent to which it can be regarded as accurate. Leading questions: a question that hints that a particular type of answer is required. Cognitive interview: a method of questioning witnesses t
Amnesia is when a person forgets everything or is unable to learn information. Retrograde - As in retro old information is forgotten. So all memory of events before the amnesia are forgotten. Anterograde - Is the inability to recall new information
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Multi-store: the idea that information passes through a series of memory stores Sensory store: holds information received from the senses for a short period of time Short-term store: holds approximately seven chunks of information for a limited per

Back

nformation arrives at our senses (sight, sound, taste, touch, smell). This is briefly held in a part of our memory known as the sensory store

Card 3

Front

Aim: To provide evidence to support the multi-store explanation of memory Method: Participants had to learn a list of words presented one at a time, for two seconds per word to remember and then asked them to recall them in any order Results: the w

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Card 4

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Encoding is the process of changing information so that it can be stored in the brain......... This can be done Acoustically, visually or semantically.

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Card 5

Front

Reliability: in the context of eyewitness testimony, the extent to which it can be regarded as accurate. Leading questions: a question that hints that a particular type of answer is required. Cognitive interview: a method of questioning witnesses t

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