Psychologists in Alternatives to the MSM

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Craik and Lockhart (1972)
put forth the levels of processing theory
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Elias et al
Asked participants to work through a list of words, performing different types of processing on each word. When recalled, more words were recalled which had been semantically processed.
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Mandler
Did research into organisation by asking people to sort cards into piles and then recall them. Recall was best for those who used the most categories; organising makes information more memorable .
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Beardsley and Squire
we have evidence that two distinctive memory processes exist
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Baddeley and Hitch (1974)
Established the Working Memory Model
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Baddeley et al (1975)
Dis supporting research for the visco-spartial sketchpad. When you do two things at the same time which are both visual tasks, they are performed less well than if performed separately.
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Park et al
Reviewed a number of studies and concluded that problems in WMM were a key distinction between normal individuals and patients with schizophrenia.
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Asked participants to work through a list of words, performing different types of processing on each word. When recalled, more words were recalled which had been semantically processed.

Back

Elias et al

Card 3

Front

Did research into organisation by asking people to sort cards into piles and then recall them. Recall was best for those who used the most categories; organising makes information more memorable .

Back

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Card 4

Front

we have evidence that two distinctive memory processes exist

Back

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Card 5

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Established the Working Memory Model

Back

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