Psychological Investigations - Observations

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Covert
Participant is not aware their being watched
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Overt
Participant is aware they are being watched
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Participant Observation
Researcher themselves to be involved with those being observed
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Non participant Observation
Researcher stand away from what they are observing not involved
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Unstructured observation
Relatively non focused , generating descriptions, qualitative data of behaviour
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Structured observation
Quantitative , guided by the use of specific categories in observation of behaviour
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Coding Scheme
Ways of catergorising behaviour so you can code what you observe and how often
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Naturalistic Observation
Participants natural environment
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Controlled observation
Controlled environment for example lab experiment
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Event Sampling
Observer keeps a count of each time a particular behavior occurs
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Time Sampling
The time period to be observed is broken up into series of time intervals
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Inter rater realiability
More than one observer present increase the reliability of the data due to both producing some results
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Observer bias
What gets recorded of what an observer expects or hopes to see.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Participant is aware they are being watched

Back

Overt

Card 3

Front

Researcher themselves to be involved with those being observed

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Researcher stand away from what they are observing not involved

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Relatively non focused , generating descriptions, qualitative data of behaviour

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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