Psychological explanations of Schizophrenia

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1. What is double bind theory?

  • Schizophrenia is a learned response which occurs when children are constantly placed in no win situations, offered conflicting messages (eg. Hug me, grow up)
  • Schizophrenia doubly binds a person biologically and psychologically
  • Where children are asked to choose between their parents
  • Where children are bound by a feeling of duty to their friends and family
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2. What is a flaw of the behaviourist approach to schizophrenia?

  • It is silly
  • Can mental illness be learnt? Surely not
  • It labels children as weird
  • It presumes adults are the cause of children's mentality

3. What is social causation hypothesis?

  • High classes are vulnerable to schizophrenia, due to the stress of keeping up appearances.
  • Being a member of the lowest social class means increased stress levels leaving individuals more vulnerable to sz
  • Only the poor can have schizophrenia due to their increased stress levels
  • Those who are more wealthy can afford schizophrenia treatments

4. What is the diathesis stress model?

  • That schizophrenia is caused by psychological factors rather than biological
  • That schizophrenia is most likely caused by biological factors but triggered by psychological ones.
  • That stress causes schizophrenia
  • Stress leads to biological changes that lead to schizophrenia

5. Who came up with the behavioural approach?

  • Scheff
  • Chef
  • Freud
  • Maher


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