PSYA1 Attachment

HideShow resource information
Bowlby
Attachment theory, children elicit caregiving via social releasers,attachment happens during sensitive period, and provides internal working model for future relationships, monotropy to primary caregiver
1 of 22
Schaffer and Emerson
Ctrl observation, infants formed many attachments, but still ONE MAIN ATTACHMENT
2 of 22
Harlow
wire and cloth mother experiment, monkeys raised with wire mother had maladaptive attachment
3 of 22
Sroufe
Secure attachment = high popularity and social competence for later life = Continuity
4 of 22
Rutter
Bowlby limitation = unsure if one or many attachments are needed
5 of 22
Ainsworth
Strange situation, ctrl observation with parent, child and stranger, 8 episodes of different behaviours, 66% became securely attached, some insecure-avoidant and some insecure resistant. Uganda, sensitive mothers = secure attachment
6 of 22
Hazan and Shaver
love quiz, found that securely attached infants were more likely to form lasting relationships
7 of 22
Tronick
investigated attachment in efe tribe, still a primary attachment even thought they use very different childrearing practices
8 of 22
Grossman and Grossman
German children, higher likelihood of insecure attachment than US children
9 of 22
Van Ijzendoorm and Kroonenberg
meta analysis, more variation within cultures than between them, no cultural difference
10 of 22
Rothbaum
attachment theory = strong western bias, reflects individualism and is not generalisable to collectivist cultures
11 of 22
Spitz and Wolf
100 children in institutional care, became severely depressed within a few months
12 of 22
Robertson and Robertson
Natural observation, 6 children observed during primary caregiver separation, Laura and John = Depressed, other children coped well, were given substitute emotional care
13 of 22
Skeels and Dye
institutionalised children with low IQs were given substitute emotional care, their IQ improved
14 of 22
Bifulco
women who lost mothers before 17, 2x likely to have depression or anxiety, disruption of attachment makes individual more susceptible to disorders, stress triggers them.
15 of 22
Hodges and Tizard
longitudinal study, children prevented from forming attachments in institutional care, showed poor peer relations and desire for approval from adults = DISINHIBITED ATTACHMENT.
16 of 22
Rutter
100 romanian orphans, adopted by british families before 6 months = normal emotional development, after 6 months = disinhibited attachment.
17 of 22
Gardner
Deprivation dwarfism, privation of young girl, who became physically stunted and withdrawn, was later given attention and returned to normal
18 of 22
NICHD
longitudinal US study, 1000 children, 5 yr olds in day care = disobedient and aggressive, more likely to have temper tantrums than without daycare
19 of 22
EPPE
UK Longitudinal, children more disobedient and aggressive, larger impact for children under 2, 3000 children
20 of 22
Belsky and Rovine
children = 20+ hours of day care = higher chance of insecure attachment
21 of 22
Clarke-Stewart
Children in daycare = more socially advanced than those at home, more obedience. Day care may have some effects, but hard to disentangle all variables that may affect child's behaviour
22 of 22

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Ctrl observation, infants formed many attachments, but still ONE MAIN ATTACHMENT

Back

Schaffer and Emerson

Card 3

Front

wire and cloth mother experiment, monkeys raised with wire mother had maladaptive attachment

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Secure attachment = high popularity and social competence for later life = Continuity

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Bowlby limitation = unsure if one or many attachments are needed

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »