Tudor history Richards Rise

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What title was Richard III granted with by his brother the King?
Duke of York
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What was the national crisis in 1469?
Earl of Warwick (kingmaker) betrayed Edward by supporting a Lancastrian plot to overthrow him
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Which 3 key events was Richard involved in to restore his brother to the throne?
1) At 17, he was physically involved in the battle to restore Edward to the throne 2) He was also complicit in the murder of Henry VI (1471) 3) Execution of his elder brother George, Duke of Clarence (1478)
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Who grew jealous and fearful of Richard's growing levels of power and trust from the King?
The Queen and her family (the Woodville's)
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When did Edward IV die?
9th April 1483
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Why was Richard's political future in serious doubt at this point?
He was in the North when his brother dies so had little chance to influence the key decisions being made
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Who was there a power struggle between and why?
Elizabeth Woodville & Richard over who was rightful protectorate over 12 year old Edward V
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Where was Edward V living at this time (as was customary) and under the power of whom?
Ludlow, his uncle Earl Rivers
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Who was one of the first people in court to turn from the Woodville's and urge Richard to return to court to support opposing a Woodville plot to seize the crown?
William, Lord Hastings (a trusted former advisor to King Edward IV)
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By May 1483, during Richard's usurpation, which leading nobles did he have the support of?
Duke of Buckingham, Lord Howard, Lord Lovell, Earl of Northumberland.
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After Richard arrested most of Edward V's household and took his nephew into his custody, what did the Queen do in response?
Attempted to raise an army, led by her son, Thomas Grey Marquis of Dorset.
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Why was it unsuccessful?
Due to the Woodville's unpopularity at court
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Where was the Queen and her daughters and remaining son forced into sanctuary?
Westminster Abbey
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What happened on May 4th 1483?
Richard was able to to enter London unopposed, where he placed Edward in the tower of London, claiming it was for his protection against the Woodvilles
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Who did Richard appeal to to confirm himself Edward's official protector?
the King's council
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Why did Lord Hasting's then reduce his support for Richard?
He was uneasy with the usurpation of the young king
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What happened on the 10th June as Woodville resistance persisted?
Richard was forced to request military assistance from the North
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What happened on June 13th?
Lord Hasting's was arrested, accused of treason and later executed
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On the 16th June, whom did Richard pressure to persuade the king to release her remaining son?
Archbishop of Cantebury (most significant religious figure in England)
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Which two key members of both Edward IV's and V's household were removed from the King's council on 20th June?
Thomas Rotherham (Archbishop of York, 2nd most significant religious fig. in England) and John Morton (Bishop of Ely)
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What was significant about the date June 22nd?
It was the day Richard had said he intended to crown Edward V king of England
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What happened on this date instead?
sermons were preached in St Paul's cathedral of the illegitimacy of Edward IV and therefore that of his son (there had been rumours that Ed. IV was the result of an affair)
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When was the petition presented by parliament for Richard to take the throne of England?
26th June 1483
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What was the date Richard was officially crowned king of England?
July 6th
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What were the four main initial challenges to Richard III's throne?
1) Buckingham's rebellion 2) North vs South 3) Aggressive 4) Duke of Buckingham
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What caused the Buckingham rebellion?
Dissatisfaction with position in comparison with Northern nobility. Converted to the cause of the Tudor? Ambitious for the crown himself?
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Who crushed the Buckingham rebellion (2)
Lord Howard and Lord Lovell
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What resulted from the rebellion (North&South)
Richard began to rely more on his Northern supporters, placing them in the offices left vacant by rebels. Resentment of the Southern gentry toward's Richard's 'Northern affinity' led to limited support
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Who did Lord Thomas Stanley later marry, making him whom?
Margaret Beaufort, stepfather to Henry Tudor
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Who was the overall central hub of Richard's support, which was unpopular in the South
backing from Sir William Catesby and Sir Richard Ratcliffe
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What did Richard do in order to counteract this?
offered generous patronage to those who could openly back him, but few were keen to commit to the usurper
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When did the sudden deaths of his son and wife take place? (added to his further unpopularity - poisoning rumours)
Son Edward; 9th April 1484 and wife Anne Neville 16th March 1485
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Card 2

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What was the national crisis in 1469?

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Earl of Warwick (kingmaker) betrayed Edward by supporting a Lancastrian plot to overthrow him

Card 3

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Which 3 key events was Richard involved in to restore his brother to the throne?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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Who grew jealous and fearful of Richard's growing levels of power and trust from the King?

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Card 5

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When did Edward IV die?

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