Political Parties Quiz

  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 28-05-13 14:52
What does the term the 'solid south' mean?
Idea that whatever race or ideology you were of, if you lived in the South, you would vote for the Democrats (up until 1960s)
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What does the term 'New Deal coalition' mean?
Refers to the alignment of interest groups and voting blocs that supported the New Deal and voted Democrat from 1932 until the 1960s
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When and how was the Solid South broken up?
Began in 1964 with Goldwater and Nixon's Southern Strategy in 1968 = civil rights had a lot to do with it
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What does the term 'New Democrat' mean?
When they repostitioned the Democratic Party further to the centre = Clinton was the first Democrat president since FDR
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Explain the organisational structure of the 2 major parties?
National Committees, Congressional Committees, State-level organisations e.g. committees and conventions
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What evidence is there that the USA has a 2-party system?
In 2012 they got 98% of the vote combined and 41 straight presidential elections have been won by only these 2 party candidates
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What 3 factors have contributed towards the USA having a 2-party system?
Winner-takes-all elections, 2-major parties are all embracing and protest votes usually go to third parties and primaries redice the need for such votes
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What is meant by the idea of the USA having a '50-party' system?
Parties are undisciplined, decenteralised state-based parties competing in state-based elections so every state has a different Democrat and Republican party
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Name some of the key third parties in America which do and have existed
Libertarian Party, Green Party, American Independant Party, Prohibition Party, States Rights Party
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What difficulties are faced by third parties?
FPTP, fund-matching only available to those who won 5% of popular vote in election before, states ballot-access laws, lack of resources, lack of media coverage, lacking of well-known and well-qualified candidates, can be seen as political extremist,
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Why do some believe in party decline?
Parties lost control over selection of candidate, lost function as communicator between politicians and voters, less party centred elections and split-ticket voting
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Why do some believe in party renewable?
Exaggerated ideas of party decline, parties have regained some control, modernising party structure, 'soft money' and increased levels of partisanship in 1990s
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What does the term 'New Deal coalition' mean?

Back

Refers to the alignment of interest groups and voting blocs that supported the New Deal and voted Democrat from 1932 until the 1960s

Card 3

Front

When and how was the Solid South broken up?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does the term 'New Democrat' mean?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain the organisational structure of the 2 major parties?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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