US Constitution Quiz

  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 28-05-13 17:48
Which events led to the Philadelphia Convention?
War of Independence (from April 1775), Declaration of Independance (4th July 1776) and Articles of Confederation (ratified March 1781)
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What is the principal provision of the 1st article of the Constitution?
Establishment and powers of Congress
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What is the principal provision of the 2nd article of the Constitution?
Establishment and power of the president
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What is the principal provision of the 3rd article of the Constitution?
Establishment and powers of the Supreme Court
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What is the principal provision of the 4th article of the Constitution?
Powers of the States
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What is the principal provision of the 5th article of the Constitution?
Amendment process
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What is the principal provision of the 6th article of the Constitution?
Establishes the Constitution as supreme
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What is the principal provision of the 7th article of the Constitution?
Ratification of the constitution
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How can amendments to the Constitution be proposed?
2/3 majority of both Houses of Congress or 2/3 of states
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How can amendments to the Constitution be ratified?
3/4 of states vote to ratify or hold State constitutional conventions and ratify
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What is the 1st amendment?
Freedom of religion, press and assembly
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What is the 2nd amendment?
Right to bear arms
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What is the 3rd amendment?
No quartering of troops in private homes
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What is the 4th amendment?
Unreasonable searches and seizures prohibited
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What is the 5th amendment?
Rights of accused persons
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What is the 6th amendment?
Rights when on trial
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What is the 7th amendment?
Common law suits
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What is the 8th amendment?
Excessive bail and 'cruel and unusual' punishment prohibited
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What is the 9th amendment?
Unenumerated powers protected
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What is the 10th amendment?
Powers reserved to state and people
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What is the12th amendment?
Revised election process of president and VP
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What was the purpose of the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments?
To end slavery and give ex-slaves rights
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What is the 17th amendment?
Direct election to the Senate established
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What is the 22nd amendment?
Limited president to 2 terms only
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What is the 25th amendment?
Dealt with issues of president disability and succession following JFK's assassination
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What is the 26th amendment?
Lowered voting age to 18
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Give an example of a constitional amendment which has failed several times?
Flag desecration - passed through the House 6 times but never through the Senate where it has been heard 3 times (most recent = 2006)
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What checks does Congress have on the Executive?
Amend/ delay/ reject legislation, override presidential veto, power of the purse, declare war, ratify treaties, confirm appointments, investigation and impeachment
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What checks does Congress have on the Judiciary?
Impeachment, proposes constitional amendments, confirms appointments and decides the number who sit on SC
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What checks does the Executive have on Congress?
Recommend legislation and can veto legislation
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What checks does the Executive have on the Judiciary?
Appointment of judges and power of pardon
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What check does the Judiciary have on both Congress and the President?
Judicial Review
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What is meant by 'divided government'?
The situation in which one party controls the presidency and the other party controls Congress
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Explain what is meant by 'federalism'
A theory of government by which political power is divided between a national government and state government, each having their own area of substantive justice
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Explain what is meant by the term 'dual federalism'
States exercised most power and the focus was on state's rights = approx. first 150 years of USA
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What is meant by the term 'cooperative federalism'?
Federal and State governments cooperated to solve the problems facing America = 1930s-60s
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What is meant by the term 'new federalism'?
Decentralised with the rise of block grants which the states could spend however they wanted = 1960s to present day
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Why has power shifted back to state governments in recent decades?
FDR's new deal and LBJ's Great Society = too much money on Bureaucracy, belief that fed. gov. has not solved some key issues, growing distrust in Washington politicians, Republic SC = limited fed. gov. and Republican's party success
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How did federalism change under George W. Bush?
Unlike Republican presidents before him he encouraged big gov. and gov. spending grew by 33%, a new fed. gov. dept. was created
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What are the main consequences of federalism for America?
Tremendous variety in state laws, both state and fed. courts, all election run under state laws, parties are decentralised, complex tax system and distinct culture, race, relgion etc. in states
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is the principal provision of the 1st article of the Constitution?

Back

Establishment and powers of Congress

Card 3

Front

What is the principal provision of the 2nd article of the Constitution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the principal provision of the 3rd article of the Constitution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the principal provision of the 4th article of the Constitution?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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