Plato

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  • Created by: hed08joyk
  • Created on: 03-03-14 18:04
Plato did not think that we gained knowledge from our senses (empirically), because the world is constantly changing
empirical knowledge = knowledge gained through our senses
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we do not learn new things, but remember them, our knowledge is innate
innate = knowledge that is gained through the mind rather than the senses, it is an essential part of our character
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plato was a dualist
dualist = the belief that the humans are made of two distinct parts, the mind/soul and the body, the soul is immaterial but the body is physical
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plato believed the soul has always existed
there are two types of beings, spiritual beings (souls) and material beings (houses, chairs, dogs)
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plato believed in 2 worlds .. material world
constantly changing, things grow, decay and die. (realm of appearances)
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plato believed in 2 worlds .. spiritual world
world of souls, which is unchanging (realm of reality)
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the concept of forms
forms = the idea of something. it is not physical but it is the eternal idea of what something is
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in our world we have an idea of what beauty is, and this is because we have innate knowledge of true beauty of the FORM of beauty
the world we live in has examples of imperfect, reflected beauty = flowers, we are able to recognise the beauty, it is our souls that knew the Forms before we were born because they are immortal and eternal
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what is the Form of the good
the highest form and the source of all the other forms
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form of the good
the most important form is the form of the good, all forms are aspects of goodness. Plato said that the form of the good is the greatest thing we have to learn and that knowledge of the form of the good is an end in itself and gives meaning + purpose
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

we do not learn new things, but remember them, our knowledge is innate

Back

innate = knowledge that is gained through the mind rather than the senses, it is an essential part of our character

Card 3

Front

plato was a dualist

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

plato believed the soul has always existed

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

plato believed in 2 worlds .. material world

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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