Philosophy - Epistemology

Questions relating to Realism

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What does "Cogito Ergo Sum" mean?
I Think Therefore I Am
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How many waves of doubt are there?
3
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What are the 'three waves of doubt'
Optical illusions, The dreaming argument & The evil demon/ brain in a jar
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who introduced the idea of primary and secondary qualities?
John Locke
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what type of realist believes in primary and secondary qualities?
representative realists
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What is representative realism?
The idea that we don't see the world, just representations of it.
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what is the definition for primary qualities?
qualities that an object has regardless of how it's being perceived.
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what are the characteristics of primary qualities?
shape, movement and size.
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What do secondary qualities include?
colour, smell and taste
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Do secondary qualities exist without a perceiver?
no
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why?
Because there has to be a perceiver for it to exist.
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Do primary qualities exist without a perceiver?
yes
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Can primary qualities be measured?
yes
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Can secondary qualities be measured?
No
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What is Idealism?
This idea that there is no external world, just minds and their ideas.
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Which philosopher was an Idealist? Locke or Berkeley?
Berkeley
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What this phrase made by Berkeley mean? Essie Est Percipi
to be or to exist is to be perceived - an object can only exist if it is perceived
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What are the recurring patterns of an apple?
green sensations, juicy sensations and hard sensations
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Does a falling tree in a forest make a noise if no one can hear it? (Give Berkeley's answer)
no because there cannot be a tree if no one is there to perceive it
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Who came up with the Trademark Argument?
Descartes
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Who came up with the Baby/Idiot argument?
John Locke
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Who said that we are all born "Tabula Rasa"?
John Locke
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Was John Locke a Rationalist or Empiricist?
Rationalist
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Was Descarte a Rationalist or Empiricist?
Empiricist
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How many waves of doubt are there?

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3

Card 3

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What are the 'three waves of doubt'

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Card 4

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who introduced the idea of primary and secondary qualities?

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Card 5

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what type of realist believes in primary and secondary qualities?

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