Philosophy and Ethics - Religious Experience

Mystical Experience definition.
Experience of God or of the supernatural which go beyond everyday sense experience
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Conversion Experience definition.
An experience which produces a radical change in someone's belief system
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Corporate Religious Experience definition.
Religious experiences which happen to a group of people as a body.
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Numinous Experience definition.
An indescribable experience which invokes feelings of awe, worship and fascination.
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Principle of Credulity definition.
Swinburne's principle that we should usually believe what our senses tell us we are perceiving.
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Principle of Testimony definition
Swinburne's principle that we should usually trust that other people are telling the truth.
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Naturalistic Explanation definition.
An explanation referring to natural rather than supernatural causes.
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Neurophysiology definition.
An area of science which studies the brain and the nervous system.
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What 3 categories of Religious Experience are there?
-Mystical / - Conversion /-Corporate religious
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Examples of the attributes of a religious experience?
Perceptions of visions / - Perceptions of voices / - Near-death experiences / -Numinous Experiences
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What influences can a religious experience have?
- It can change the whole course of someone's beliefs / - It has shaped a religious and doctrines
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Who are the three main scholars involved in religious experience?
- Friedrich Schleiermacher / - Rudolph Otto / - William James
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What was Schleiermacher's claim about the essence of religion?
He argued that the essence of religion was based in personal experience.
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What are Schleiermacher's views about religious experience?
It is 'self-authenticating'. It requires no other testing to see if it is genuine.
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What did Schleiermacher call religion? (2 Quotes)
'a sense and taste for the infinite' / 'the feeling of absolute dependence'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Conversion Experience definition.

Back

An experience which produces a radical change in someone's belief system

Card 3

Front

Corporate Religious Experience definition.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Numinous Experience definition.

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Principle of Credulity definition.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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