Origins of psychology

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Wilheim Wundt (1832-1920)
Founder of psychology; inventor of 'introspection'
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Structuralism
The study of the structure of the mind
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Introspection
"Looking into." Had 4 goals: Description, Explanation, Prediction and Change.
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Evaluation of Introspection
Relies on non-observable responses, such as memory or perception. Low in reliability - not replicable.
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Empiricism
Knowledge comes from observation and experience instead of being innate. All behavior is determined so it should be possible to predict.
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Scientific method criteria
Objective, Systematic, Replicable and requires a theory to explain the results.
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Evaluation of the scientific method
Strengths: Reliable - objective. Replicability means scientific knowledge is being refined. Limitations: Lack of ecological validity. Much is unobservable/ measurable.
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Card 2

Front

The study of the structure of the mind

Back

Structuralism

Card 3

Front

"Looking into." Had 4 goals: Description, Explanation, Prediction and Change.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Relies on non-observable responses, such as memory or perception. Low in reliability - not replicable.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Knowledge comes from observation and experience instead of being innate. All behavior is determined so it should be possible to predict.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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